Types of Zipper

apparel Zippers use two sets of interlocking teeth called chain zippers, or coils called coil zippers, each connected to a strip of fabric tape. The teeth or coils are formed of metal, plastic, or synthetic material. A slider with a tab, which may be purely functional or serve a decorative function as well, is used to open and close the zipper. Besides the details of the mechanism, there are several other ways of categorizing zippers.Like categorisation based on element or teeth material or based on the

Manual Flat Knitting Machines

fabric knitting weaving The flat knitting machine is a two-bed machine. The most important mechanical features of a flat knitting machine are the supporting frame, the yarn feeding system, a transmission system, a fabric take-down motion, a central programming unit, a needle-bed racking system

Simplex Frame and its Parts

spinning spun-yarn yarn The chief function of simplex frame is the attenuation of sliver. Insertion of protective twist in order to hold the fine strand of sliver. Winding of roving into a package that can be transported, sorted, donned on ring spinning machine.After carding the cotton is passed through draw frames. The draw frame draws the cotton inot thick strands.These are then spun inot thinner strands on hte simplex frame spindles. The output of the simples frame is fed to the ring frame spindles which complete t

Weaving Operations

fabric weaving In weaving, no matter what type of weaving is being done, four major operations are performed in sequence and are continuously repeated, they are Shedding, Picking, Beating Up, Taking Up and Letting Off

Men's underwear/Brief styles

apparel under-garments Todays' designers are coming up with new design every now and then.Some of the common styles of briefs are boxer, bikini,Boser brief,Trunk, Brief,Long underwear, Mesh underwear,Tapered boxers,String Bikini,Long John's,Jockstrap.Each of these style have been designed keeping certain factors in mind.Based on an individals choice, one chooses a particular style.

Dyeing and Washing

apparel dyeing Some garments, dyeing is done after final assembly in order to ensure a perfect colour match for items intended to be worn together.

Standard Staple Yarn Spinning Procedures

spinning yarn Yarn making from staple fibers involves picking (opening, sorting, cleaning, blending), carding and combing (separating and aligning), drawing (re-blending), drafting (drawing into a long strand) and spinning (further drawing and twisting). Silk and synthetic filaments are produced by a less extensive procedure. Current high-production yarn-making operations are performed on integrated machines that perform this entire sequence as one combined operation.

Application of Fabrics

fabric Different fabrics are used differently. They are specially made to fulfil certain purposes.

Sewing

apparel Sewers stitch fabric pieces together, and a garment is assembled

Routine Textile Finishes

finishing knitting weaving Routine finishes are applied to almost all fabrics with an aim to improve their appearance. A finish is anything that is done to a fabric after weaving or knitting, to changes its appearance, hand and performance. When a finish is applied, say on cotton, it might become more shiny, stronger or resist shrinking on washing. Similarly, other finishes may make the fabric softer or stiffer; water or stain resistant; coloured or designed.