Importance of Cutting Room

apparel apparel-making Where large quantities of a garment style must be cut, a lay is created which consists of many plies of fabric spread one above the other. From this, all the garment pieces for all the sizes that have been planned for that lay are cut. The pattern shapes for these garments may be drawn on a paper marker placed on top of the lay, or information as to their shape and position may be held within a computer, to be plotted similarly on a paper marker or used to drive an automatic cutter.

Plain Weaves

fabric hosiery weaving Plain weave is the most common and tightest of basic weave structures in which the filling threads pass over and under successive warp threads and repeat the same pattern with alternate threads in the following row, producing a chequered surface. They do not ravel easily but tend to wrinkle and have less absorbency than other weaves. The plain weave is variously known as ?calico? or ?tabby? weave. It is the simplest of all weaves having a repeat size of 2.

Major Weaving Patterns

fabric weaving Major weaving patterns such as plain, twill, satin, Dobby, Jacquard, Pique, Pile, its characteristics, usages and techniques


apparel Buttons are small instruments use to fasten two parts of a garment. It is an element that makes the difference and enhances a men's or women's garment, a leather item, a pair of jeans. Elegant and classical buttons mean style; the perfectly shaped and coloured button is a design feature. Buttons are of different material, colour and shape, and they allow the wearer's personality to stand out, enhancing a garment, a leather item, or some jeans.

Diamond and Diagonal Weaves

fabric weaving Diagonal weave are basically type of twill weaves confined to bold twills running at angles greater than 45°, although often regular 45° twills are spoken of as diagonals; regular diagonals are generally formed by combining two regular 45° twills in their picks or ends.Diamond weaves are type of twill weave which forms the shape of a perfect diamond.

Winding Machines and Faults

yarn Different types of winding machines are discussed here.They can be classified on the basis of ...Also the various faults of winding are specified.

Special Garment Finishes

apparel finishing There are finishes done on garments such as Permanent Press Finish particularly on pants for center crease of the pants to stay crisp and make them look fresh and neat.

Technical Textiles

non-apparel Technical textile are textile products manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes. They are used for automotive applications, medical usages, crop protection, protective clothing etc. Textile technical means textile materials ad products manufactured primarily for their technical and performance properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics.

Acrylic Fibres

fiber Acrylic fibres are polymers formed by addition polymerization of at least 85% by weight of a chemical called acrylonitrile or vinyl chanide. To polymerise vinyl cyanide the double bond between the first two carbon atoms is broken and the molecules attach themselves to each other in a linear chain.

Finishing Methods

embroidery finishing Almost every embroidered goods has to undergo at least one or more finishing processes before being ready for sale because stitching errors or other errors have to be eliminated.