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  1. Types of Garment Decoration
  2. What is Digital Garment Printing?

Types of Garment Decoration

There are four types of surface decoration and they are:

Appliqué - This is a popular way of decorating fabrics. Shapes of one fabricare applied to the surface or background of another fabric using a fine zigzagstitch or as in the example shown, with a straightstitch, which overlaps the edge of each shape. Thepattern pieces that make up the appliqué are usuallybacked with interfacing to give them strength.

Embellishment - This is the application of a variety of techniques onto onefabric. For example, a currently popular techniques on to one fabric. For example, a currently popular technique iscalled Shisha work. This is where tiny mirrors areembroidered onto fabrics. Others stitch;dye or printtechniques may also be used to give an ornate fabric.

Fabric Manipulation - The properties of a fabric can be manipulated using heat or chemicals. A popular process called Shibori,from Japan, explores the manipulation of fabrics inthis way. The fabric can be tied in simple or elaboratepatterns, the fabric is then subjected to high steamand colour is added. This process works well onsynthetic fabrics as they have hermoplastic properties or memories, which allow the fabric toretain its shape. Once heated to a high temperaturethe shape of the fabric cannot be changed unless thefabric is subjected to high temperatures again.

Quilting - This is a method of applying texture and colour by stitching through layers of fabric. The surface texture in hte fabric is achieved by sandwiching wadding or stuffing between layers of fabric.Interesting patterns and 3D surface textures can be achieved

What is Digital Garment Printing?

Many people have never heard of Digital garment printing because it has only been around for about 3-4 years and is just now beginning to be recognized as a breakthrough technology in the apparel decoration industry.

These new print-to-fabric printers make it possible and practical for people working from home to compete with traditional T-shirt printing businesses.

Until recently, there were only two choices for how you might directly imprint graphic images and text onto shirts, hats, bags, and other fabric items. There are some other non-direct methods for decorating apparel, but that discussion is best left to another article.

First, there is screen printing (also known as silkscreening), a process that is complex, messy, and time-consuming. It involves photographically produced stencil screens, emulsions, color separations, and ink forced onto the garment through screens with a roller or squeegee.Each spot color used requires a separate run through the process, making sure each color is in perfect registration. Then the entire process is repeated for each garment. Screen printing is labor-intensive, costly, and is most efficient for large print runs. It is not practical or cost-effective for printing single garments or small batches.

The second method of decorating garments is embroidery, a process of sewing decorative stitches onto fabric using needle and thread or yarn. The process has been around since ancient times but is still used extensively today. Modern embroidery machines are computer driven and digitally controlled. After the machine has been set up with the appropriate colored thread, a prepared graphic image or text is sent to the machine from a computer or memory device to be stitched onto the garment.

There is a third method — direct-to-garment digital printing. Direct-to-garment printing means just that – a T-shirt or other garment is inserted into a specifically engineered ink-jet printer and the ink prints directly onto the garment. It attaches to an ordinary computer and works the same way as a common document ink-jet printer. Any graphic image,photograph, or illustration can be quickly and easily printed. It can print a single shirt, or many, and the per-shirt cost is the same, unlike screen printing which requires a costly pre-print setup. The “hand” (feel) of the printed garment is soft like the fabric, which may seem to be a small thing but is actually a great advancement.

It is important to understand the significance of this development. Direct-to-garment printing is a revolutionary technology that opens up business possibilities that simply didn’t exist before. Stay-at-home moms can start a part-time money-making T-shirt business from their family room. College kids can print and sell cool T-shirts from their apartment. Creative people can build their own decorated clothing line to sell in retail stores.Families can create a profitable high-growth T-shirt business in which everyone can contribute. Companies who already do screen printing, sign-making,or embroidery can now add digital garment printing to their service offerings.

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