Design is any arrangement of part, form, colour, fabric and line. For example, to create a versionor a style. This definition is applicable for apparel or clothing. In general, design is arrangementor putting out creative ideas on paper or any of the three-dimensional form.There are different types of designs such as industrial design, graphic design, textile design, fashion design, etc.


In this page

  1. Designing in Textile Industry
  2. Structural Design
  3. Decorative Design

Designing in Textile Industry

There are differenttypes of designs such as industrial design, graphic design, textile design, fashion design, etc.

Textile design
Is the design of fabrics for a Varity of purposes from clothes to carpets. In this professions the colour ,shape, texture and pattern are the key elements.

Fashion design
It is concerned with how needs are identified, related and in some cases stimulated. It affects the ways in which our materials, energy, skills and other resources are employed to satisfy them fully, it calls up on enterprise enthusiasm, inventiveness and ingenuity, scientific discovery and technical knowledge, power of visualisation together with knowledge of human capabilities and aesthetic sensibility. Designing requires patience and planning. Crating or styling the appearanceof a person with reference to clothing, accessories beauty in corresponding with the personalityof any individual is fashion designing.Fashion designing involves knowledge of basic elements of designing, understanding colour cycle, brief study of history of clothing, knowledge of fibres and different fabrics.Fashion can be defined as a design that is accepted by a given segment of population. Fashion is constantly changing and as a new design becomes popular a new standard of beauty becomes desirable. Often a new fashion begins when the proportion of a garment is altered, for example, asilhouette is changed in width or a skirt is lengthened. Usually when a truly innovative fashion begins, it takes a long time for the general public to retain its eye and develop an appreciation for a new look. As more people wear the item interpret it in many different ways, the mass of people find it easier to accept the fashion, as beautiful.Designing means moving from the state of randomness to the higher state of organisation, tocrate a design or impression or to communicate an important/ innovative idea. On the highest-level design is the careful and knowledgeable manipulation of art elements to produce anexpressive personal idea.

There are two basic divisions of designing in the field of garment technology.
1. Structural designing
2. Decorative designing



Structural Design

Structural designs are intrinsic parts of materials. They are created through manipulation of fabrications, colour, or texture. Structural design created through fabrication depends on the useof colour and texture in the yarns forming loops or interlacing patterns in the fabric. The knitting machines or looms must also have the technology for varying fabric structure. Structural design's formed as the material is made.Structural design includes the all over design of a garment. The form and shape plus all the details involved in assembling the sections of the garment such as darts, pleats, tucks, etc are the part of structural design.It may add a decorative quality if emphasized by colour contrast or row of top stitching to outline the basic garment parts. In apparel, structural design is more important because it is the fundamental component of design.To draw a structural design a form or human croquet is not necessary. The designers in the buying house do these designs. In this category the designs are drawn on the specification chart where many trimmings are not used. This design will be simple and well defined about their construction, colour, thread and trimmings to be used. It will not be draped on the form. It will be speeded so that the pattern master can create a proper sample according to the specifications mentions such as its measurements, its sweep line (Hemline) its neckline and any other type of cuts used.

Decorative Design

Here it refers to the design, which is drawn by the beginner (learners) as well as the boutique designers. These drawn will be draped over it. It is not produced in bulk so it will have more trimmings, prints, embroidery, buttons (that do not fasten) and tacked on bows. The customer will select the garment that is designed, then it will be very costly, in these designs the fabric style and colour combinations are described so that one can select the design. In this design category specification charts are not prepared, not it is stitched for standard measurement. It isthe design and outfit is made for an individual costumer.Decorative design is created by printing, embroidery, quilting, appliqué, or other forms of fabric decoration. Some decorative designs are mass produced and very economical. Others are individual creations that are highly labour intensive. Roller and screen printing are probably the most commonly used forms of decorative design. Problems that are some times associated with printed designs are fuzzy patterns.In general, structural designs are more permanent better quality; and more durable than decorative designs. Structural designs are more expensive to produce than decorative designs dueto slower production and longer set up time.