Where large quantities of a garment style must be cut, a lay is created which consists of many plies of fabric spread one above the other. From this, all the garment pieces for all the sizes that have been planned for that lay are cut. The pattern shapes for these garments may be drawn on a paper marker placed on top of the lay, or information as to their shape and position may be held within a computer, to be plotted similarly on a paper marker or used to drive an automatic cutter. Therefore ce


In this page

  1. Some Fabric Cutting Standards

Some Fabric Cutting Standards

A well-cut item:

Fabric Cutting

  • should be accurate and even throughout.
  • has notches cut out away from pattern.
  • has smooth edges—no pinking shears.




Consider and/or follow these general suggestions when cutting fabric:

fabrib cutting
  • Use sharp scissors, shears, or rotary cutter.
  • When using scissors or shears make long smooth cuts. (Figure 12)
  • If using a rotary cutter, use a ruler on all straight lines.
  • Never use pinking or scalloping shears for cutting out a garment.
  • Figure 14
  • Accurately cut on the pattern cutting line.
  • Hold the pattern flat with one hand as you cut with the other. (Figure 12) Do not lift fabric off the table or cutting surface while cutting.
  • Cut notches out. (Figure 13)
  • Trace seam lines on fusible interfacing before cutting out. Cut just outside this marking, so there will be no need to trim the seam allowance later. (Figure 14)
  • Cut several garments at one time while you have the cutting board out.
  • Cut everything needed for your project at one time   fabric, interfacing, and lining.
  • Figure 15
  • Place a rubber band on your ruler or sewing gauge for exact measurement when measuring. (Figure 15)
  • You can cut more accurately when using shears with long blades making long cuts or, use a rotary cutter with a ruler on straight lines.