In total all the trimmings used for the garment cab be substantial cost item and so their selection and use require careful considerations. There is no point in improving materials utilisation if the savings made are thrown away by using expensive tapes as stay tapes. The professional approach is: sufficient for the intended purpose no more.
Garment linings have functional and customer appeal objectives and this selection will examine the principles involved, starting with the material itself.Fibre types and properties. Today natural fibres are rarely used to construct linings due to the high cost and some difficulties with impairing a suitable finish to the fabrics synthetic fibres are now the most widely accepted for garment linings, and the following describes the main properties of those which have the most wide spread use in the clothing industry.
Like most other synthetic fibres, it goes through a number of chemical and mechanical processes until the filaments are ready for spinning in to yarn. Linings made from viscose fibres have strength, lustre, softness and an affinity for dyes.
Rayon linings have similar properties to those of viscose linings but are some what weaker.
Polyamide produces linings with excellent tensile strength and a relatively high degree of elasticity and it takes dye-stuffs very well. A draw back with polyamide linings is that some solvents used for dry cleaning can have a detrimental effect on the fabric.
Polyester fibres are closely related to polyamides and linings made from polyester fibres havemany similar properties.Generally, other than some polyamide linings, none of the linings made from these synthetic fibres are armed by dry cleaning and they can be safely pressed up to a temperature of 170. Although some warp knitted linings are available, weaving is the predominant method of construction.
Functional Purpose of Garment Lining
Polyester fibres are closely related to polyamides and linings made from polyester fibres have many similar properties.Generally, other than some polyamide linings, none of the linings made from these synthetic fibres are armed by dry cleaning and they can be safely pressed up to a temperature of 170. Although some warp knitted linings are available, weaving is the predominant method of construction.
Garment linings have a number of functional purposes besides their main one which is to cover allor part of the interior surface of a garment. These other functions include:
- As linings have a sheer surface, putting on or taking off the garment is a smooth and simpleaction.
- Linings help to preserve the shape of skirts and trousers made from loosely constructed or stretchy materials.
- Garments such as dresses, skirts and trousers, made from diaphanous materials, sometimes need ‘cover up’ areas. Lining does this job well.
- Some types of outerwear materials have a tendency to cling to the body of the wearer and thi scan spoil the silhouette of the garment.
- Some type of outerwear materials have a tendency to cling to the body of the wearer and this can spoil the silhouette of the garment. A layer of lining between the body of the wearer and the top cloth will usually eliminate this problem.
- Linings are often used to assist in the formation of design features on garment. For example,the difference in lengths between the body shell and the body lining creates the blouson effect. The same principle is also used to create an ‘over hang’ look on puffed sleeves.
An important factor of customer is to present a garment whose inside has an attractive appearance.The surface and lustre properties of the lining have a considerable influence on this, and those properties for lining most widely used are:
- Taffeta - A crisp fabric woven with a faint warp pattern which produces a shiny surface. Theselinings are generally piece dyed which helps to soften them and make them able to withstand normal washing and dry-cleaning processes.
- Crepe - Made from specially processes yarns, mostly viscose acetate, the finished surface of this lining has a minute and uniform crinkled appearance.
- Satin (sateen) - This lining is characterized by a smooth and highly has a smooth and highly lustrous surface and a dull back. Satin is the name for a weave pattern.Colour also plays an important role and linings with a woven, printed or embossed pattern can give an extra fillip to a garment. Some large companies incorporate their logo in the weave pattern of their linings