Seam Types

apparel Seam types are the place where two pieces of fabric are joined by application of a series of stitches or stitch types with a defined geometry. Over the years there are a number of different types of seams that have been developed to do different jobs. Many have largely been superseded by the development of machine stitches that finish as you sew them, and by the development of the over locker (or serger in some parts of the world), it is useful to know some of the basic seams types and finishes.

Natural Protein Fibres

fiber The protein fibres are formed by natural animal sources through condensation of a-amino acids to form repeating polyamide units with various substituent on the a-carbon atom. In general, protein fibres are fibres of moderate strength, resiliency, and elasticity. They have excellent moisture absorbency and transport characteristics. They do not build up static charge. Example of some these fibres are Wool, Silk, Mohair, Cashmere etc.

Polymer Fibres

fiber Polymers are made up of many molecules all strung together to form really long chains. Things that are made of polymers look, feel, and act depending on how their atoms and molecules are connected.

Textile Labelling Objective

assorted The main objective of Textile Labelling are : 1.to protect consumers against misrepresentation in the labelling and advertising of textile fibre products 2.to enable consumers to choose textiles on the basis of fibre content

Man-made Regenerated Cellulose Fibres

fiber Certain natural cellulose fibres are treated and re-produced for specific purposes. The famous fibres such as Viscose Rayon, Acetate etc. are produced by processing various natural polymers.

Manmade /Artificial fibres

fiber Man-made fibres are fibres in which either the basic chemical units have been formed by chemical synthesis followed by fibre formation or the polymers from natural sources have been dissolved and regenerated after passage through a spinneret to form fibres. These fibre came to success when the researchers obtained a product by condensation of molecules presenting two reactive aminic groups with molecules characterised by two carboxylic reactive groups.

Sheep/Merino Wool Fibers

fiber Wool, common name applied to the soft, curly fibers obtained chiefly from the fleece of domesticated sheep, and used extensively in textile manufacturing.

Fabric Inspection for apparel manufacturing

apparel Apparel manufacturers inspect the fabric stock upon arrival, so that any fabric irregularities are caught early in the production process. Textile producers also generally inspect fabrics before sending them to manufacturers.

Manufacturing of Manmade Fibers

fiber spinning Manmade fibers are manufactured using different mechanical and chemical processes for example Synthetic fibers from thermoplastics are produced by extruding the molten plastic through extrusion dies (spinnerets) into a stream of cold air that cools and solidifies the plastic. (The operation is referred to as melt spinning.)

Importance of Cutting Room

apparel apparel-making Where large quantities of a garment style must be cut, a lay is created which consists of many plies of fabric spread one above the other. From this, all the garment pieces for all the sizes that have been planned for that lay are cut. The pattern shapes for these garments may be drawn on a paper marker placed on top of the lay, or information as to their shape and position may be held within a computer, to be plotted similarly on a paper marker or used to drive an automatic cutter.