Industrial enzymes in textile production and application

dyeing finishing Enzymes are living biological substances that can help speed up any chemical reaction without itself being reduced. But, they work better under certain temperature and pH value. Therefore, these are also called as biological catalysts. Since textiles industry uses many such chemical reactions, enzymes today are a vital part of the textile production system. Applications like pectinases, lipases, proteases, catalases, and xylanases are used in textile processing.

Type of fabrics

fabric under-garments Major kind of textile fabrics used for clothing, home furnishing and industrial usages - the page briefly describes almost all commonly used fabrics and its characteristics and usages.

Properties of Fused laminate

apparel Some of the fators determine the propeties of fused laminate such as the basic fabric of the inerlining,methods of applying resins to base cloths - Scatter coating, dry dot printing,paste coating.


fiber sisal-fibre-reinforced composites that are traditionally used for making ropes, mats, carpets, fancy articles and others

Raw materials for the production of nonwovens

fabric Cellulosic chemical fibres of all lengths and degrees of refinement and with clearly different properties, are at the disposal of the industry of nonwoven bonded fabrics. They are all characterised by the ability to absorb a fairly high amount of moisture. That recommends their use wherever this property is useful for the production of nonwoven bonded fabrics and/or the use of nonwoven bonded fabrics is even a precondition.

Sewing Needles

apparel A sewing needle is a long slender tool with a pointed tip. The needle must be able to penetrate the material being sewn, by pushing the yarns aside according to the application, without damaging it. The various parts of the needle are: The shank, The shoulder, The blade, Long Groove, Short Groove, The eye, The point and the Tip.

Regular Twills

fabric weaving Regular twills are those that run in regular order; it is, therefore, simply necessary to know the interlacing of any one end or pick, say the first, of a regular twill in order to show the entire weave on design paper. The interlacings of the first end or pick of any regular twill are conveniently shown by writing numbers above and below a horizontal line; thus, for example,if the first end is up 2 picks, down 3, up 1, and down 2.

Characteristics of well finished garments

apparel Good fitting is achieved by doing the work with care, patience and practice. A well-fitted garment feels comfortable, adjusts naturally to the activities of the wearer, is becoming in line and amount of ease and consistent with current fashions.

Power Consumption in Ring Spinning Mills

spinning yarn Two types of energy can be used in a specifc spinning mill; electrical energy and thermal energy. Machines, air conditioning, lamps used for illumination and compressors consume electrical energy while the thermal energy is consumed by air conditioning and processes such as fxation of yarns

Dyeing and Washing

apparel dyeing Some garments, dyeing is done after final assembly in order to ensure a perfect colour match for items intended to be worn together.