The final chemical treatments of the fabric which are carried out to impart special characteristics e.g. softening, stiffening, crease resisting, flame retarding, soil release effect etc. is known as textile finishing. The aim of the finishing is to improve the outward appearance and the quality of the fabric, and impart its specific properties.
Micro encapsulation is one of the latest technologies used to impart an array of unique characteristics to a garment.Particles filled with active ingredients are applied to the fabric or garments for long lasting effects.Odor control is a hot topic in the apparel and hosiery arenas. Odor can be controlled by applying an antimicrobial finish, removing the odor molecules as they are formed or covering up the odor with a fragrance.Stain resistant finishes are no longer considered a niche market. Co
The whole cycle of finishing consists of mechanical and chemical processes, which are used depending on the kinds and end uses of the fabric. Mechanical processes include drying, calendaring, schreinering, embossing, sueding, raisingetc and chemical processes include in the application of special substances on the fabric, impregnation with size, starch, dextrin and other polymeric substances.
The textile industry (cotton printing and dyeing) clean production standards being as reference and green production full control in whole process as the guiding ideology, the green evaluation indexes are formed and have better feasible manipulation.
Fabric direct from the loom is unattractive. To make the fabric attractive and acceptable to the consumer several finishing processes are applied. Sometimes special finishes are also applied to the fabric to make it serviceable for particular end use.