Ways to Finish Fabrics

finishing knitting Fabrics fabrics are woven or knitted, freshly coming off the machine are called grey goods which must be treated in different ways to give them the important finishing touch. We call this finishing touch “finish”. This finishes we apply to fabrics are either for practical reasons or appearances. There is a wide range of finish we use on fabrics.

Routine Textile Finishes

finishing knitting weaving Routine finishes are applied to almost all fabrics with an aim to improve their appearance. A finish is anything that is done to a fabric after weaving or knitting, to changes its appearance, hand and performance. When a finish is applied, say on cotton, it might become more shiny, stronger or resist shrinking on washing. Similarly, other finishes may make the fabric softer or stiffer; water or stain resistant; coloured or designed.

Most used Embroidery Fabrics

embroidery finishing Many kind fabrics and its combinations can be used as the base cloth for machine embroidery such as Cambric, Calico, Chiffon, Damask, Jersey, Linen, Net, Non-woven, Organza, Satin, Silk, Tulle, Voile.

Types of Embroidery

embroidery finishing Special effects with embroidery can be obtained with yarn combinations, colour changes, special attachments and settings of tension to accomplish different stitching effects

Pre-Shrinking Finish on Fabrics

finishing Pre-shirking is needed almost on all fabrics because most textile materials shrink when washed. However preshrinking can only reduce the residual shrinkage to a lower percentage, but cannot completely eliminate it. On cotton fabrics, usually take away 8-10%shrinkage by preshrinking, leaving about 5-6% in them.

Fabric Finishes for Enhancing Appearance

finishing There are finishes applied to fabrics to enhance the look and feel of the fabric, in other ways the finishes neither strengthen the quality of the fabric nor they are done to transform the fabric for special purposes such as the fire retardant finish.

Embroidery Needles

embroidery finishing The selection of needles by class, variety and size for a certain material is necessary to eliminate thread breakage, needle breakage, skipped stitches and fraying of the thread.

Schiffli machine Borers

embroidery finishing Boring effects are made by a special device (borers) on the Schiffli machine which is used to puncture the spanned fabric as required, to form holes in the fabric

Special Garment Finishes

apparel finishing There are finishes done on garments such as Permanent Press Finish particularly on pants for center crease of the pants to stay crisp and make them look fresh and neat.

Special Textile Finishes

finishing Special finishes are done on textile materials to enable it to use for special purposes such as the finishing of fabrics with flame retardants can reduce the tendency to burn or reduce the tendency to propagate the flame. Laminating is the permanent jointing of two or more prefabricated fabrics.