The Fibre formation process includes change in shape, structure and properties of the thermoplastic polymer. The polymer pellets or granules are fed into an extruder where, through heating, their melting temperature is exceeded. The polymeric melt is then transported, under pressure, to the spinneret..Yarn formation methods were originally developed for spinning of natural fibres including cotton, linen, wool and silk.
Textile industry evolved from being a domestic small-scale industry, to the status of supremacy it currently holds. The ?cottage stage? was the first stage in its history where textiles were produced on a domestic basis.
Yarn making from staple fibers involves picking (opening, sorting, cleaning, blending),
carding and combing (separating and aligning), drawing (re-blending), drafting (drawing into
a long strand) and spinning (further drawing and twisting). Silk and synthetic filaments are
produced by a less extensive procedure. Current high-production yarn-making operations are
performed on integrated machines that perform this entire sequence as one combined
The Air-Jet spinning is very sensitive to the fiber length and fiber length distibution(short fiber content) of the material being processed. The amount of wraping twist varies depending upon the length of the wrapping fibers as only a part of the total extent is utilized to wrap the core fibers. Wrapping the fibers shorter 12.5 mm practically do not make significant contribution to the strength of the yarn.Air-jet Spinning is suitable for processing medium and long staple comber cotton fibers a
The chief function of simplex frame is the attenuation of sliver. Insertion of protective twist in order to hold the fine strand of sliver. Winding of roving into a package that can be transported, sorted, donned on ring spinning machine.After carding the cotton is passed through draw frames. The draw frame draws the cotton inot thick strands.These are then spun inot thinner strands on hte simplex frame spindles. The output of the simples frame is fed to the ring frame spindles which complete t
The cost of yarn consists of several factors such as raw material energy or power, labour, capital etc. The cost of yarn excluding raw material is termed manufacturing cost. The share of the factors in manufacturing cost changes according to the yarn properties, machine operational properties and economical situation of the spinning mill.
Kapok/Capok fibre is one of the natural cellulosic fibres which grow on the kapok plant. It has a hollow body and a sealed tail, which are desirable features of candidates for functional textiles of this nature. However, the low volume weight of kapok is (specific density 0.29g/cm3), and the short length and smooth surface of the fibres, causing poor inter-fibre cohesion, have prevented kapok from being processed by modern spinning machines.