Pashmina Wool Fibers
The Pashmina Shawls made with Golden Fibers of Cashmere Goats
Pashmina is another name for Cashmere is a downy undercoat of the Capra Hircus Laniger goats that mainly live in the Trans-Himalayan regions classified as speciality hair fibres which possess special qualities of fineness and lustre, which is used for making finest quality shawls and hijabs.
Scouring and bleaching
Pashmina fibre contains about 5 to 7% contaminants like wax, skin flakes, squint and dirt. This process traditionally in Kashmir scouring is not done at the fibre stage but is carried out during yarn processing before dying and weaving operations are done. Nowadays pashmina fibres are scoured at fibre stage before de-hairing but the disadvantage is it makes surface damage in machine de-haired pashmina fibres. This is observed in an electron microscope
Impurities like burrs, vegetable matter is removed manually before scouring is done. Under normal circumstances carbonization process is used to remove the impurities but for pashmina fibres, this process is not adopted.
The scouring is done by using 0.2 GPL non-ionic detergent at 50-degree C. for 10 minutes. Bleaching is not normally done for pashmina fibres.
Combed pashmina is obtained in the form of loaf called TUMB followed by glueing usually with socked powered rice. The yarn can be spun up to 108NM. The range generally is, 2/60 –2/110NM yarn is spun to make high-quality shawls.