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Blue Denim Fabrics

History and origin of Blue Denim Jeans

Word “denim” comes from fabric “serge de Nimes” made in France city of Nimes from where it originates. It has been used in America since the late 18th century, colored blue with indigo dye to make blue “jeans”, a type of cotton pants.

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Warp preparation methods/processes and finishing of Denim fabrics Processes

Warp (ends/cm) Weft (ends/cm) Warp Tex Weft Tex Weave
24 16 7 84 6 98 3/1
25 16 7 84 6 98
24 16 7 84 5.5 107
20.8 15.5 7.4 80 6 98
27 19 7.5 78 6.7 88
24 17 7 84 6 98
23 15 11 8.5 11.8 50
23 16.5 7 84 7 84
24.6 16.5 6 98 7 84
30 18 8.6 71 7 84
25 26 7 84 5.5 107
26 21 11.8 50 11.8 50
22.8 16.5 6.7 88 6.7 88
25 18 7 84 7 84
27 18 7 84 5.5 107
Table-1: Weave twill 3/1 Z – 3/1 Denim Fabric Construction

Table-2: Chambray Fabrics – Weave Plain or 2/1

Warp Weft Warp Tex Weft Tex Weave
24 20 24 25 24 25 1/1
27 16 24 25 24 25 1/1
21 12 12 49 12 49 1/1
23 16 12 49 14 42 1/1
25 15 9 66 7 84 ½
23.3 16 16 37 12 50 ½
25 16 16 37 16 37 ½
25 15 9 66 12 50 1/1
23 19 20 30 20 30 1/1
Table-2: Chambray Fabrics – Weave Plain or 2/1

Denim with Stripes

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Fancy Fabric Woven or Dobby

Multicolor WM and Warp beam in high pos

  • Indigo continuous dying

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Ball warping, Continuous cable dying unit, Long-chain beamer, Sizing department, weaving machines, Cloth inspection, sanforizing.

  • Indigo dye sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Dye sizing machine, weaving machines, Cloth inspection machine, Sanforizing.

  • Naphthol sizing bottoming

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, warp sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection machines Finishing, development, post-treatment, Sanforizing.

  • Nephthalinide bottoming

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, warp sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection machines Finishing, development, post-treatment, Sanforizing.

  • Cuprophenyl bottoming

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, warp sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection machines Finishing, development, post-treatment, Sanforizing.

  • Rapidogen continuous dye sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Sizing machine with dye development action, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Naphthol-AS continuous dye-sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Sizing machine with dye development action, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Hydron Blue continuous dye sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Sizing machine with dye development action, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Beam dying

    Use Ring spun yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Cone dying

    Use Ring spun yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, dying cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

Range Advantages Disadvantages
Rope
  • High Productivity
  • No side-center variations
  • Low waste of thread
  • Low Flexibility
  • Takes up a lot of space
Slasher
  • More compact design
  • Flexibility in dyeing processes
  • Continuous process
  • Possibility of adaptation of the machine in order to obtain more superficial or ring sulfur dyeing
  • Risk of selvage-center variation
  • Greater risk of thread rupture
  • Thread loss during the change of article
  • Limitation in high intensities of Indigo
Loop
  • Very compact system
  • Minimal consumption of chemical products, dyestuffs, and Water
  • Risk of selvage-center variation
  • Greater risk of yarn breakages
  • Thread loss during the change of article
  • Limitation in high intensities of Indigo
  • Limitations in flexibility as regards different processes and dyeing methods.
Table-3: Comparison between ranges

Acknowledgment: Technical and technological Facts in this write up has been selected from various reliable sources

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