A Repository of Textile Articles

Blue Denim Fabrics

History and origin of Blue Denim Jeans

Word “denim” comes from fabric “serge de Nimes” made in France city of Nimes from where it originates. It has been used in America since the late 18th century, colored blue with indigo dye to make blue “jeans”, a type of cotton pants.

0 227

Warp preparation methods/processes and finishing of Denim fabrics Processes

Warp (ends/cm)Weft (ends/cm)WarpTexWeftTexWeave
24167846983/1
2516784698
24167845.5107
20.815.57.480698
27197.5786.788
2417784698
2315118.511.850
2316.5784784
24.616.5698784
30188.671784
25267845.5107
262111.85011.850
22.816.56.7886.788
2518784784
27187845.5107
Table-1: Weave twill 3/1 Z – 3/1 Denim Fabric Construction

Table-2: Chambray Fabrics – Weave Plain or 2/1

WarpWeftWarpTexWeftTexWeave
2420242524251/1
2716242524251/1
2112124912491/1
2316124914421/1
2515966784½
23.31616371250½
251616371637½
251596612501/1
2319203020301/1
Table-2: Chambray Fabrics – Weave Plain or 2/1

Denim with Stripes

Fancy Fabric Woven or Dobby

Multicolor WM and Warp beam in high pos

  • Indigo continuous dying

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Ball warping, Continuous cable dying unit, Long-chain beamer, Sizing department, weaving machines, Cloth inspection, sanforizing.

  • Indigo dye sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Dye sizing machine, weaving machines, Cloth inspection machine, Sanforizing.

  • Naphthol sizing bottoming

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, warp sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection machines Finishing, development, post-treatment, Sanforizing.

  • Nephthalinide bottoming

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, warp sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection machines Finishing, development, post-treatment, Sanforizing.

  • Cuprophenyl bottoming

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, warp sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection machines Finishing, development, post-treatment, Sanforizing.

  • Rapidogen continuous dye sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Sizing machine with dye development action, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Naphthol-AS continuous dye-sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Sizing machine with dye development action, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Hydron Blue continuous dye sizing

    Use Ring spun yarns, open-end yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, Sizing machine with dye development action, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Beam dying

    Use Ring spun yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

  • Cone dying

    Use Ring spun yarns, winding on cross-wound packages, dying cross-wound packages, Sectional warping machine, sizing machine, weaving machines, cloth inspection, sanforizing

RangeAdvantagesDisadvantages
Rope
  • High Productivity
  • No side-center variations
  • Low waste of thread
  • Low Flexibility
  • Takes up a lot of space
Slasher
  • More compact design
  • Flexibility in dyeing processes
  • Continuous process
  • Possibility of adaptation of the machine in order to obtain more superficial or ring sulfur dyeing
  • Risk of selvage-center variation
  • Greater risk of thread rupture
  • Thread loss during the change of article
  • Limitation in high intensities of Indigo
Loop
  • Very compact system
  • Minimal consumption of chemical products, dyestuffs, and Water
  • Risk of selvage-center variation
  • Greater risk of yarn breakages
  • Thread loss during the change of article
  • Limitation in high intensities of Indigo
  • Limitations in flexibility as regards different processes and dyeing methods.
Table-3: Comparison between ranges

Acknowledgment: Technical and technological Facts in this write up has been selected from various reliable sources

Pages ( 3 of 3 ): « Previous12 3

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. AcceptRead More