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clothing

Costumes: During Indus Valley Civilization

The earliest evidence of textile production in India comes from the Indus Valley, where a complete Urban civilization centred around the two cities of Mahenjodaro and Harappa, thrived between 2500 and 2000 BC. Along with the many figurines and engraved seals, numerous spindle whorls of wool and coarse cotton, some copper sewing needles were found.

The recent discovery of excavated seals at the port town of Lothal on the west coast of Gujarat and Dhula-vira in Kutch, indicate that the sophisticated culture, already engaging in the export trade, was in place before this time. The earliest textile impression found in the subcontinent comes from Mehergarh, an Indus Valley site in Beluchistan. This impression of a woven fabric and a large number of cotton seeds also unearthed, date from 5000 BC. , by which time that appears cotton cultivation and textile weaving were already advanced.

Origin and History of Clothing

The first known humans to make clothing, Neanderthal man, survived from about 200,000 B.C.E. to about 30,000 B.C.E. During this time the earth’s temperature rose and fell dramatically, creating a series of ice ages throughout the northern areas of Europe and Asia where the Neanderthal man lived. With their compact, muscular bodies that conserved body heat, Neanderthals were well adapted to the cold climate of their day. But it was their large brain that served them best.

Neanderthal man learned to make crude but effective tools from stone. Tools such as spears and axes made Neanderthals strong hunters, and they hunted the hairy mammoths, bears, deer, musk oxen, and other mammals that shared their environment. At some point, Neanderthals learned how to use the thick, furry hides from these animals to keep themselves warm and dry. With this discovery, clothing was born.

Fabrics for Women and Children’s clothing

Differences in weight automatically limit some fabrics to particular seasons and use. In summer thin fabrics, such as voile, eyelet, batiste, sheer, creeps, and chiffons, in winter, for heavier materials such as wood tweeds, homespuns, velvet, corduroy, and fur like fabric.

Clothing and Design in Garment Making

The wish to decorate or beautify the human body has existed from the Stone Age when the early man painted his face and his body. Even though the beauty standards have changed, the desire remains constant.The evolution of clothing has been closely interlinked with factors such as the social, economic and technological progress of each period in the history of mankind.

Finishing Technical Textiles

While using normal fibers to produce technical textiles it is imperative that high tech functional finishes are imparted to them to make them functionally superior and relevant to the end use application such as anti-bacterial, anti-static, UV protective, thermal, or biodegradable functions – are playing an increasingly important role. Since technical textiles are generally not fashion oriented, performance requirements and technical specifications determine the success of a product.Therefore fi