The input of roving frame is silver that comes from draw frame section where only parallel of comber sliver. In roving section reduce the linear density of draw frame silver by drafting. After reducing the linear density the silver is transfer into roving (a thin form of rope). This is first stage where twist is inserted for making a yarn in spinning mill. The output of this section is roving which is wind on a bobbin and this is suitable for further process. Here in this section describes

In this page

  1. Roving Frame
  2. Objectives of Roving
  3. Drafting, Twisting and Winding
  4. Factors Affecting Roving
  5. Defects and its prevention in Roving

Roving Frame

It is an intermediate process in which fibers are converted into low twist lea called roving. The sliver which is taken from draw frame is thicker so it is not suitable for manufacturing of yarn.Its purpose is to prepare input package for next process. This package is to prepare on a small compact package called bobbins. Roving machine is complicated, liable to fault, causes defect adds to the production costs and deliver the product. In this winding operation that makes us roving frame complex.

There are two main basic reasons for using roving frame

  • The roving sliver is thick and untwisted. Because of it hairiness and fly is created. So draft is needed to reduce the linear density of sliver. The ring drafting arrangement is not capable that it may process the roving sliver to make the yarn.

  • Draw frame can represent the worst conceivable mode of transport and presentation of feed material to the ring spinning frame.

Objectives of Roving

The main objective of roving frame are given below:-

  • Attenuation- Drafting the draw frame sliver into roving.
  • Twisting-To insert the twist into the roving.
  • Winding-Winding the twisting roving on bobbin.
  • package building

Drafting, Twisting and Winding


In roving frame two drafting frame are used.

  • In 4 over 4 drafting system, total draft should be 13 and in 3 over 3 drafting system the total draft should not be more then 11.
  • 3 over 3 drafting system is better in that case when there is good fiber length


It is very important factor which produces strength in the roving and twist is inserted with the help of flyer. When flyer rotates, the twist is produce in the sliver. Twist level depends upon flyer speed and delivery speed.


For winding purpose we used builder motion.
Important task of winding are:-

  • Shift the cone belt corresponding to increase in the bobbin diameter
  • Reverse the direction of movement of bobbin rail at the upper and lower ends of the lift stroke.

Factors Affecting Roving

Critical factors affecting roving strength are given below:-

  • The amount of twist and compactness of the roving.
  • Linear density and uniformity of the twist.
  • CV% of roving.

Defects and its prevention in Roving

Following are the defects and its prevention methods in roving

Sr.No. Defects Prevention Measures
1. Roving tension Roving tension is directly related to machine. The roving tension depends upon delivery rate and the difference between flyer speed and bobbin. For preventive action we should keep the delivery length and the speed difference constant then the tension in this case will be ideal.
2. Improper handling of material
  • Roving material is very sensitive regarding to quality point of view. It is necessary to take care of material. The material should be handled in such a way that fine dust must not affect the material. It must be avoided touching because of its sensitivity. Fresh material should be used for next process. This material should not be keep for long time. If it will be kept for long time then it will create variation. C.V% increases if material is not used .
  • Supervisor must treat its worker in a proper way so that handling of material should be according to policy of mill.
3. Improper piecing in roving Supervisor should train his workers in a proper way. If end breakage is disturbed then its treatment should be proper. If piecing will not be proper then it will affect the next process.
4. Roving breakage This problem is caused due to maintenance problem. Maintenance required machine stoppage but it is against the production. To enhance the quality of product, the machine maintenance is the chief requirement. For the proper solution of roving breakage, speed of machine, trained operator and proper management should be must otherwise it create severe problems in ring section.

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