Weaving Process

fabric weaving Weaving is the process of making cloth with two components, a warp and a weft, and can be done by very simple techniques on complicated loom.

Weaving Machines

fabric weaving The new shuttle-less machines are simply called ?weaving machines?, this term implying looms working without shuttle.

Zigzag or Wavy Twills

fabric weaving Wavy twills are also known as pointed twills. In these classes of twill weaves the twill progresses in one direction for half of the repeat and then is reversed for the next half of the repeat. The reversal of the twill may be done in a regular or irregular manner primarily considering the series of threads that predominate the face of the fabric. Thus warp way reversal is where the warp predominates over the weft and weft way reversal where the weft predominates over the warp.

Pressing or Folding

apparel Although pressing remains largely a manual task, new automated process exists that apply force and steam to garments placed over a body form.

Seam in Garments

apparel Seam types are the place where two pieces of fabric are joined by application of a series of stitches or stitch types with a defined geometry. Over the years there are a number of different types of seams that have been developed to do different jobs. Many have largely been superseded by the development of machine stitches that finish as you sew them, and by the development of the over locker (or serger in some parts of the world), it is useful to know some of the basic seams types and finishes.

Storage of Textile Materials

assorted Textile materials are prone to dangers such as moisture, heat, mildew, fungus, insects and rodents. Therefore storing the textile materials in the right store and condition is important.

Loom Types

fabric spinning weaving The earliest art of hand weaving along with hand spinning remains a popular craft. There are different types of weaving looms and these include handloom, frame loom and back strap loom. A loom is a mechanism or tool used for weaving yarn and thread into textiles. Looms vary in a wide assortment of sizes. They come in huge free standing hand looms, tiny hand-held frames, to vast automatic mechanical tools. A loom can as well pertain to an electric line construction like that of a wiring loom.

Fancy entwining and Curved Twill

fabric weaving Fancy entwining twill effects are obtained by omitting one or more twill lines from each section and continuing the remaining twill lines of each section until they meet these of the other section. By this it means that two blank spaces are made in the weave, in which other weaves may be inserted. Curved twills are those in which the twill lines have a wavy, or curved, nature instead of being perfectly straight as in an ordinary twill weave. There are two methods of constructing these weaves,

Commercial Sewing Machines

apparel apparel-making The apparel industry uses specialised industrial machinery suitable for cutting fabric, sewing machines such as single needle lock stitch machine, double needle lock stitch machine, button hole machine, fusing machine, storage and packing equipment

Drafting Plans

fabric hosiery weaving A draft indicates the number of heald shafts used to produce a given design and the order is which warp ends are threaded through the heald eyes of the heald shaft. The principle of drafting (i.e. putting of ends on different healed shafts) is that ends which work in different order require separate heald shafts. To keep matters simple, we can also say that the ends that work alike are put on the same heald shaft.