Sample Warping

fabric weaving Sample warps are developed for sampling purposes. It gives full proof of its performances during this production phase of new items.

The Sketching Process

apparel Fashion sketching not only involves the act of drawing an initial idea but also the process of considering and developing the idea across the pages of a sketchbook. It is always best to have an idea of what you want to draw. In many respects a fashion sketch is a problem-solving process, which brings together the visual elements of articulating an idea in its purest form. This can mean recording a sudden idea before it is lost or forgotten, or capturing a moment in time, such as observing a deta

Schiffli Embroidery

embroidery finishing Schiffli embroidery is produced by machines with several hundred needles placed horizontally one above the other.

Fabric Finishes for Enhancing Appearance

finishing There are finishes applied to fabrics to enhance the look and feel of the fabric, in other ways the finishes neither strengthen the quality of the fabric nor they are done to transform the fabric for special purposes such as the fire retardant finish.

Aims of Textile Finishing

finishing The final chemical treatments of the fabric which are carried out to impart special characteristics e.g. softening, stiffening, crease resisting, flame retarding, soil release effect etc. is known as textile finishing. The aim of the finishing is to improve the outward appearance and the quality of the fabric, and impart its specific properties.

Regular Twills

fabric weaving Regular twills are those that run in regular order; it is, therefore, simply necessary to know the interlacing of any one end or pick, say the first, of a regular twill in order to show the entire weave on design paper. The interlacings of the first end or pick of any regular twill are conveniently shown by writing numbers above and below a horizontal line; thus, for example,if the first end is up 2 picks, down 3, up 1, and down 2.

Fiber Process

air-jet-spinning fiber spinning From the field, seed cotton moves to nearby gins for separation of lint and seed. The cotton first goes through dryers to reduce moisture content and then through cleaning equipment to remove foreign matter. 

Weaving Basics

fabric hosiery weaving The process of producing a fabric by interlacing warp and weft threads is known as weaving. The machine used for weaving is known as weaving machine or loom. Weaving is an art that has been practiced for thousands of years. The earliest application of weaving dates back to the Egyptian civilization. In order to interlace wrap and weft threads to produce a fabric, the basic mechanisms necessary on any type of looms are Primary, Secondary and Auxiliary mechanisms.

Advances in Weaving Technologies

fabric weaving The emphasis on productivity and quality has developed the weaving technology very much and as a result the working hours required to weave fabric from loom have been reduced from about 20 to 0.25 during the last 125 years, and in the last 50 years there has been a reduction of 95% in operative hours per standard unit produced.

Ring Spinning

spinning spun-yarn yarn The Ring Spinning is the most widely used form of spinning machine due to significant advantages in comparison with the new spinning processes. The ring spinning machine is used in the textile industry to simultaneously twist staple fibres into yarn and then wind it onto bobbins for storage. The yarn loop rotating rapidly about a fixed axis generates a surface referred to as "balloon". Ring frame settings are chosen to reduce yarn hairiness and the risk of glazing or melting the fibre.