Blended Fabrics

fabric The variety of natural and man made fabrics available today, offers a wide selection of fibres for use.


apparel Buttons are small instruments use to fasten two parts of a garment. It is an element that makes the difference and enhances a men's or women's garment, a leather item, a pair of jeans. Elegant and classical buttons mean style; the perfectly shaped and coloured button is a design feature. Buttons are of different material, colour and shape, and they allow the wearer's personality to stand out, enhancing a garment, a leather item, or some jeans.

Timeline of Manmade Fibers

fiber A useful filament was not produced until the last part of the 19th century, when Swann and de Chardonnet extruded a solution of cellulose nitrate (collodion) through small holes (spinnerets). These pioneer manmade fibres were replaced by rayon fibres which were spun from an alkaline cellulose xanthate solution (viscose), which were in turn supplemented by cellulose acetate and many synthetic fibres.

Arrangement and Schemtics of Ring Spinning

spinning yarn

Construction Marking of fabric

apparel apparel-making After cutting, there are several pattern markings that help us put the project together accurately. Not all markings will be found on every project, as some are specific to a particular construction technique. Some construction markings need to be transferred to the fabric so they will be visible for placement and sewing; others, like seamlines, small arrows, etc. do not need to be transferred, only heeded during assembly. Check the pattern directions for more specific marking needs.

Elastomeric Fibres

fiber Elastomeric fibres are those fibres that possess extremely high elongations at break and that recover fully and rapidly from high elongations up to their breaking point. The fibres are all used in specialized applications where high elasticity is necessary within the textile structure. An Elastomer is a polymer with the physical property of elasticity. Elastomer is a term derived from elastic polymer, which is often used interchangeably with the term rubber.

Objectives of carding

yarn Objectives of carding, main actions of carding machine, Useful sliver hanks of different counts and wastage in carding

Derivatives of twill Weaves

fabric weaving Derivatives Formed by Rearranging Ends or Picks- The number of what maybe termed fundamental weaves is comparatively small, but the weaves that may be derived from them are innumerable. Thus, if a simple twill weave is shown out in design paper, several other weaves maybe obtained from it by rearranging either the ends or the picks. Designs thus obtained are termed derivatives.

Aims of Textile Finishing

finishing The final chemical treatments of the fabric which are carried out to impart special characteristics e.g. softening, stiffening, crease resisting, flame retarding, soil release effect etc. is known as textile finishing. The aim of the finishing is to improve the outward appearance and the quality of the fabric, and impart its specific properties.

Application of Fabrics

fabric Different fabrics are used differently. They are specially made to fulfil certain purposes.