Major Weaving Patterns

fabric weaving Major weaving patterns such as plain, twill, satin, Dobby, Jacquard, Pique, Pile, its characteristics, usages and techniques

Plain Weaves

fabric hosiery weaving Plain weave is the most common and tightest of basic weave structures in which the filling threads pass over and under successive warp threads and repeat the same pattern with alternate threads in the following row, producing a chequered surface. They do not ravel easily but tend to wrinkle and have less absorbency than other weaves. The plain weave is variously known as ?calico? or ?tabby? weave. It is the simplest of all weaves having a repeat size of 2.

Rapier Weaving Machines

fabric weaving Rapier weaving machine delivers excellent fabric quality at the right price. Its flexibility, high level of user friendliness and versatility make it an ideal means of production for weavers of fabrics. It is a shuttle less weaving loom in which the filling yarn is carried through the shed of warp yarns to the other side of the loom by finger like carriers called rapiers. These machines are used for weaving textile articles such as shirting, dress material, furnishing.

Thread Numbering System

yarn Threads are usually made up of several single strands twisted or plied together. The numbering system for threads has two parts: one related to the thickness of the single strand and the other to the number of strands (ply). Whereas the ply is expressed in thickness and the single strand is specified as a ?count? related to the length per unit weight. Cotton Count system, Tex system, and the Metric Ticket system are some of the commonly used thread numbering systems.

Seam Types

apparel Seam types are the place where two pieces of fabric are joined by application of a series of stitches or stitch types with a defined geometry. Over the years there are a number of different types of seams that have been developed to do different jobs. Many have largely been superseded by the development of machine stitches that finish as you sew them, and by the development of the over locker (or serger in some parts of the world), it is useful to know some of the basic seams types and finishes.

Lap Former Process

yarn In Lap-former machine, slivers are fed to form a lap of 20 inches wide condensed with a slight draft and weighing as per set length. The machine run smoothly so as not to disturb the fibres which undergo combing at the comber machines. One such Lap former is sufficient to feed 8 comber machines.

Diamond and Diagonal Weaves

fabric weaving Diagonal weave are basically type of twill weaves confined to bold twills running at angles greater than 45°, although often regular 45° twills are spoken of as diagonals; regular diagonals are generally formed by combining two regular 45° twills in their picks or ends.Diamond weaves are type of twill weave which forms the shape of a perfect diamond.


apparel Sewers stitch fabric pieces together, and a garment is assembled

Preparation of Weaving Machines

fabric weaving To obtain satisfactory weaving performance, it is essential to have not only a correct yarn preparation, but also an efficient organization which permits to have warps available at the right moment, thus avoiding any dead time with style or beam change.

Textile Finishing Processes

finishing The whole cycle of finishing consists of mechanical and chemical processes, which are used depending on the kinds and end uses of the fabric. Mechanical processes include drying, calendaring, schreinering, embossing, sueding, raisingetc and chemical processes include in the application of special substances on the fabric, impregnation with size, starch, dextrin and other polymeric substances.