Broken Twills

fabric weaving A broken twill weave composed of vertical sections which are alternately right hand and left hand in direction. In Broken Twills, twills are constructed by breaking the continuity of any continuous twill weave. They are formed by reversing the pattern part way through the repeat. The Break can be achieved in different ways.

Polyolefin Fibres

fiber Polyolefin fibres are those fibres produced from polymers formed by chain growth polymerization of olefins (alkenes) and which contain greater than 85% polymerized ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units.

Schiffli Machine Functioning

embroidery finishing Schiffli Machine embroiders with a front thread and bobbin thread which form together a lock stitch, similar to that of a sewing machine.

Woven Fabric Construction

fabric weaving Fabrics can be constructed in a variety of ways, ranging from the matting together of fibrous materials to the intricate interlacing of complex yarn systems.

Yarn Conversions

assorted Various yarn numbering systems and conversion formulas and tables for easy reference

Knitting Needles

fabric knitting weaving The needle is the basic element of loop formation in Knitting

Characteristics of Twill Weave

fabric weaving Twill Weave is strong and hard-wearing, used for fashion and furnishing fabrics. In plain weave the warp and weftare aligned so that they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, and so on. The next weft thread goes under the warp threads thatits neighbor went over, and vice versa. Plain weave is also known as “tabby weave” or “taffeta weave”.Twill is a type of fabric woven with a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs.


apparel-making fabric weaving Selvedge are special hooked needle driven by a cam which produces, after cutting, the insertion of the protruding thread end into the subsequent shed, thus forming a stronger edge. The basic function of any selvedge is to lock the outside warp threads of a piece of cloth and so prevent fraying. The selvedge should be strong enough to withstand the strains of the stenter in the finishing process. - The selvedge should have a neat and uniform appearance.

Determination of energy consumption for chosen yarn

spinning yarn In order to obtain the specifc energy consumption of any yarn, each an every machine in the spinning operations right from the bale opener and the approach should be repeated for the rest of the machine/step.

Natural Protein Wool Fibres

fiber Wool, common name applied to the soft, curly fibres obtained chiefly from the fleece of domesticated sheep, and used extensively in textile manufacturing.