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synthetic fiber

Types of textile fibers – list of textile fibers by its sources

Fiber is a fine hair-like structure and is considered the raw materials of textiles. The fiber is extracted from various sources for commercial use. In addition to obtaining from animals, plants, and minerals, many of the fibers are artificially generated as well. Here is a list of most commonly used textile fibers.

Characteristics of Rayon Fiber

Rayon is moisture absorbent (more so than cotton), breathable, comfortable to wear, and easily dyed in vivid colors. It does not build up static electricity, nor will it pill unless the fabric is made from short, low-twist yarns.

Basics of Rayon Fiber

Rayon is often used in fashion and home furnishings, but the fiber is also found in sanitary products, diapers, and medical supplies.

Spun Yarns

Yarns are continuous strands of fibers that can be woven or knitted into fabrics. Natural staple fibers usually requires processes such as spinning to make yarns. Silk yarn, extracted from silk cocoon are continuous filament yarns. Most of the synthetic yarns also does not require the additional processes of spinning.

Polyamide Fibers

The polyamide fibers include the nylons and the Aramid fibers. Both fiber types are formed from polymers of long-chain polyamides.

Polymer Fibres

Polymers are made up of many molecules all strung together to form really long chains. Things that are made of polymers look, feel, and act depending on how their atoms and molecules are connected.