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Warp Sizing – An Industry Problem!

BACKGROUND Formaldehyde modified resins were introduced to the apparel market in the 1950’s. These finishes imparted a no-wrinkle character to cotton fabric and promised relief from the tedious job of ironing apparel. Preliminary marketing studies on the concept was an immediate and huge success. Optimism for this new market potential turned out to be premature. […]

Bhagalpuri Silk Fabric Weaving Process

Bhagalpuri silk is a facet of the timeless heritage of Bihar, made with painstaking details of perfection. Bhagalpur silk known as the ‘queen of the silk’ has superior fine quality giving it a rich and delicate feel, is now available in various vibrant colours and prints. Bhagalpuri silk is one of the most refined forms of silk fabric.

A Missed Opportunity to Learn from Failure

A dramatic improvement in yarn manufacture was adopted by the industry and went horribly wrong. Negative economic consequences were so great that improvements justifying the adoption of the technology have been ignored.

Environmental Aspects in Textile Industry: Ecological Hazards and Remedial Measures

Among many pollution-creating industries, textile has a larger share in terms of its impact with regard to noise, air, and effluent. It is, therefore, felt worthwhile to study the environmental hazards associated with various operations of textiles. In this paper, pollution arising out of noise and air is discussed. Areas of concern and their appropriate rectifying procedures are also taken into account.

Ecological degradation happens in natural fiber right from cultivation to finishing of the ultimate product. Prominent parameters and the possible package of corrective measures are highlighted. Synthetic fiber industry is not an exception to environmental pollution and therefore various pollution-creating activities are pointed out. Management of various textile wastes is also mentioned in this paper.

Pashmina Wool Fibers

Pashmina is another name for Cashmere is a downy undercoat of the Capra Hircus Laniger goats that mainly live in the Trans-Himalayan regions classified as speciality hair fibres which possess special qualities of fineness and lustre, which is used for making finest quality shawls and hijabs.

Optimum Drafting Conditions of Polyester and Viscose Blend Yarns

In this study, we used an experimental design to investigate the influence of the total draft, break draft, the distance between the aprons (Clips) and production roller pressure on yarn quality in order to obtain optimum drafting conditions for polyester and viscose (PES/CV) blend yarns in ring spinning frame. We used PES fibres (1.4 dtex × 38 mm long) and CV fibres (1.6 dtex × 38 mm long) to spin a 20 Tex blend yarn of PES (70%)/CV (30%) blend ratio.

When the break draft, adjustment of distance between of aprons and roller pressure is not reasonable, controlling and leading of the fibres is not sufficient for proper orientation of the fibres in the yarn structure to produce a high-quality yarn. Experimental results and statistical analysis show that the best yarn quality will be obtained under drafting conditions total draft of 38, 1.2 break draft, 2.8 mm distance between of aprons and maximum pressure of the production top roller (18daN).