A Repository of Textile Articles

Mineral and Metallic Fibers

A number of fibers exist that are derived from natural mineral sources or are manufactured from inorganic and mineral salts. These fibers are predominantly derivatives of silica (Si02) or other metal oxides.

Feeding Systems of Sewing Machines

Material feed is the controlled movement of the material being sewn from one stitch position to the next. Different feeding mechanisms available are for sewing fabrics. Some of them are Manual feed, Feed dog, Drop Feed, Needle Feed (Upper…

Vinyl Fibers

Vinyl fibers are those man-made fibers spun from polymers or copolymers of substituted vinyl monomers and include vinylon, vinyl, vinylon-vinyl matrix (Polychlal), saran, and polytetrafluoroethylene fibers.

Miscellaneous Fibers

Fibers which do not logically "fit" under other classifications such as natural, manmade, mineral etc. such novaloid, carbon, poly-phenylene dibenzimidazole polyimide fibers etc. are categorized under miscellaneous fibers.

Sewing Needles

A sewing needle is a long slender tool with a pointed tip. The needle must be able to penetrate the material being sewn, by pushing the yarns aside according to the application, without damaging it. The various parts of the needle are: The…

Elastomeric Fibers

Elastomeric fibers are those fibers that possess extremely high elongations at break and that recover fully and rapidly from high elongations up to their breaking point. The fibers are all used in specialized applications where high…

Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin fibers are those fibers produced from polymers formed by chain-growth polymerization of olefins (alkenes) and which contain greater than 85% polymerized ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units.

Polyester Fibers

Polyesters are those fibers containing at least 85% of a polymeric ester of a substituted aromatic carboxylic acid including but not restricted to terephthalic acid and f-hydroxybenzoic acid.

Yarn/Thread Count Numbering System

Threads are usually made up of several single strands twisted or plied together. The numbering system for threads has two parts: one related to the thickness of the single strand and the other to the number of strands (ply). Whereas the ply…

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