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Textile Design in Apparel Making

The design is an arrangement of part, form, color, fabric, and line. For example, to create a version of a style. This definition is applicable for apparel or clothing. In general, the design is arrangement putting out creative ideas on paper or any of the three-dimensional form.There are different types of designs such as industrial design, graphic design, textile design, fashion design, etc.

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The design is an arrangement of part, form, color, fabric, and line. For example, to create a version of a style. This definition is applicable for apparel or clothing. In general, the design is arrangement putting out creative ideas on paper or any of the three-dimensional form.There are different types of designs such as industrial design, graphic design, textile design, fashion design, etc.

Designing in Textile Industry

There are different types of designs such as industrial design, graphic design, textile design, fashion design, etc.

Textile design

Is the design of fabrics for a Variety of purposes from clothes to carpets. In this professions, the color, shape, texture, and pattern are the key elements.

Fashion design

It is concerned with how needs are identified, related and in some cases stimulated. It affects the ways in which our materials, energy, skills and other resources are employed to satisfy them fully, it calls upon enterprise enthusiasm, inventiveness and ingenuity, scientific discovery and technical knowledge, the power of visualization together with knowledge of human capabilities and aesthetic sensibility. Designing requires patience and planning. Crating or styling the appearance of a person with reference to clothing, accessories beauty in corresponding with the personality of any individual is fashion designing.Fashion designing involves knowledge of basic elements of designing, understanding color cycle, a brief study of the history of clothing, knowledge of fibers and different fabrics.Fashion can be defined as a design that is accepted by a given segment of the population. Fashion is constantly changing and as a new design becomes popular a new standard of beauty becomes desirable. Often a new fashion begins when the proportion of a garment is altered, for example, a silhouette is changed in width or a skirt is lengthened. Usually, when a truly innovative fashion begins, it takes a long time for the general public to retain its eye and develop an appreciation for a new look. As more people wear the item interpret it in many different ways, the mass of people finds it easier to accept the fashion, as beautiful.Designing means moving from the state of randomness to the higher state of organization, to create a design or impression or to communicate an important/ innovative idea. On the highest-level design is the careful and knowledgeable manipulation of art elements to produce an expressive personal idea.

There are two basic divisions of designing in the field of garment technology.
1. Structural designing
2. Decorative designing

Structural Design

Structural designs are intrinsic parts of materials. They are created through manipulation of fabrications, color, or texture. Structural design created through fabrication depends on the use of color and texture in the yarns forming loops or interlacing patterns in the fabric. The knitting machines or looms must also have the technology for varying fabric structure. Structural designs formed as the material is made.Structural design includes the all over design of a garment. The form and shape plus all the details involved in assembling the sections of the garment such as darts, pleats, tucks, etc are the part of structural design.It may add a decorative quality if emphasized by color contrast or row of topstitching to outline the basic garment parts. In apparel, structural design is more important because it is the fundamental component of the design.To draw a structural design a form or human croquet is not necessary. The designers in the buying house do these designs. In this category, the designs are drawn on the specification chart where many trimmings are not used. This design will be simple and well defined by their construction, color, thread, and trimmings to be used. It will not be draped on the form. It will be speeded so that the pattern master can create a proper sample according to the specifications mentions such as its measurements, its sweep line (Hemline) its neckline and any other type of cuts used.

Decorative Design

Here it refers to the design, which is drawn by the beginner (learners) as well as the boutique designers. These drawn will be draped over it. It is not produced in bulk so it will have more trimmings, prints, embroidery, buttons (that do not fasten) and tacked on bows. The customer will select the garment that is designed, then it will be very costly, in these designs the fabric style and color combinations are described so that one can select the design. In this design category specification charts are not prepared, not it is stitched for standard measurement. It is the design and outfit are made for an individual customer.The decorative design is created by printing, embroidery, quilting, appliqué, or other forms of fabric decoration. Some decorative designs are mass produced and very economical. Others are individual creations that are highly labor intensive. Roller and screen printing is probably the most commonly used forms of decorative design. Problems that are sometimes associated with printed designs are fuzzy patterns.In general, structural designs are more permanent better quality; and more durable than decorative designs. Structural designs are more expensive to produce than decorative designs due to slower production and longer set up time.

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