Different kinds of narrow fabrics such as ribbons, laces, cords, tapes, labels, webbings, wicks, elastics, ropes, straps, trims, fringes, lanyards, etc. may be crafted out of different kinds of materials such as leather, cotton, polyester, Teflon, rubber, jute, nylon, fiberglass, and beads for Luggage manufacturing.
- 1 Luggage fabrics
- 2 The Best Luggage Material
- 3 What Should be purchased Soft or Hard Sided Luggage?
- 4 Characteristic of Luggage Fabrics
- 5 Aesthetic Properties of Luggage Materials
- 6 Type of Materials used in Luggage Production
Definition of luggage fabric: Luggage fabric is used where luggage is transported from one place to another place in the form of bags, suitcases, etc. Should have the following properties. Appearance, fashionable, comfort, retention, Highest durability, lightest weight, cheap prices, soft material, and good styles. Grey cloth has the advantages of soft hand feeling, strong drape, novel style, good waterproof performance, etc., and the cloth has a gloss high quality and novel design.
The Best Luggage Material
The variety of luggage materials on offer is greater than most of us realize. There is not a single best material for luggage. Luggage fabric can be made from different materials like polyester, aluminum, ballistic nylon, polycarbonate, leather, polypropylene, etc.
There is no single best material for luggage. The different materials have different strengths and weaknesses. Luggage material is to be chosen based on which features matter most to the user, e.g. durability, price, weight, etc. Each material has its own pros and cons.
Leather is for example extremely durable but it is heavy while nylon is lighter but still quite durable. Some materials are also easier to maintain and clean than others. However, the first thing to decide is to go for soft or hard external luggage material. The following table ranks the main features for the most popular materials on the market today in ascending order, i.e., based on the description in the brackets.
What Should be purchased Soft or Hard Sided Luggage?
Choosing a material for your soft side luggage may be a little more complicated. There’s a far wider variety of materials that include: Polyester, Oxford cloth, Nylon, Ballistic Nylon, Cordura Nylon, Canvas, and Leather. If you want something cost-effective, and don’t mind if the case is going to be less scratch and tear-resistant, Polyester and Oxford Cloth may be a good choice. However, if you want something more durable, you will have to pay a little more for a Nylon suitcase. Out of all nylons, Ballistic is the most durable, followed by Cordura and lastly regular nylon.
If you have a bigger budget and want something on the high-end of suitcases, try leather or canvas. For some, leather is also more aesthetically pleasing, though it is very expensive. Other materials used are outdoor fabrics which are very sturdy, resistant to abrasion, and waterproof. Modern technology and innovative design have made hard-sided luggage easier and cheaper to make. Meaning the difference between soft and hard material has become less apparent.
Nowadays you can get similarly durable, lightweight, and priced, soft and hard-sided luggage. It can therefore be only a matter of preference, which type of material to go for. Hard-sided luggage though still offers the best protection while soft-sided luggage offers more flexibility (can be expandable with external pockets, etc). Soft or hard-sided luggage guide will help to decide which type of luggage is the right one for travel needs.
All fabrics are measured in deniers – the mass of a single 9000m long thread. I know, it’s a weird way of measuring fabrics. I’ll try to explain though. For instance, a single silk thread that’s 9km long weighs 1 gram, which is one denier or 1D. Polyester threads usually range in the 50D-1800D, which means that a single polyester thread 9km in length would weigh 50g-1800g. As a rule, the more deniers, the more durable the material is. Polyester is usually used in cheaper suitcases because it’s less expensive than nylon. When looking at its properties, polyester is less durable and less scratch & tear-resistant than nylon or canvas. However, it weighs slightly less than nylon, which is a good thing. When looking at polyester suitcases, try to get at least 800D Polyester, which is somewhat durable.
Full stretch Oxford cloth
Mainly produce luggage. The warp and weft yarns of this fabric are made of polyester DTY300D yarns, which are interwoven on a water jet loom or rapier loom, or projectile loom with a coarse-point variable permeable weave. After the fabric is relaxed, refined, pre-shaped, alkali reduced, and soft-set, the reverse side of the fabric is then coated with rubber and plastic. With fine texture, soft luster, and good waterproofness, the bags made by this product are fashionable and trendy pets that dress up ladies.
Oxford cloth is a breathable basket weave cloth originally made from cotton, however today it’s often blended with other fabrics such as rayon and polyester. It’s the result of a particular basket weave process known as the Oxford weave, from where it gets its name. In its time Oxford cloth has most commonly been used for clothing, particularly casualwear. However, it has recently become somewhat popular for its use elsewhere, such as window treatments, wall hanging, and duvet covers. It’s not unusual to see Oxford cloth used for suitcases as well, and the fabric has even been used by some leading brand names. For suitcases, the cloth is usually around 600D for water resistance though material as high as 1680D, with exceptional abrasion and tear resistance, can be found.
Nylon Oxford cloth
Oxford cloth is a new type of fabric with various functions and a wide range of uses. At present, the main products on the market include: checkered, full stretch, nylon, tiffany, and other varieties.
Mainly produce flood and rain protection products. The warp of the fabric is made of 200D nylon air change yarn, and the weft is made of 160D nylon air change yarn. It is a plain weave structure, and the product is woven by a water jet loom. After the dyeing, finishing, and coating process, the grey cloth has the advantages of soft hand feeling, strong drape, novel style, good waterproof performance, etc., and the cloth has a gloss and sensory effect of nylon silk.
Because of its high quality and novel design, it is deeply loved by users. The colors available on the market are available in different types such as navy blue, light black, tiger yellow, and dark green, and can be dyed in batches according to customer needs. This is a Urethane Coated Nylon or Polyester fabric. Frequently used for making tents, bags, flags, banners, outer fabric as well as the lining of bags, etc.
Nylon is more expensive than polyester, hence the reason expensive luggage is usually made from this material. In deniers, nylon fabrics usually range lower than polyester, but they also tend to be stronger. For instance, a 450D nylon is going to be stronger than 600d polyester. This may be something you’ll want to keep in mind if you’re considering luggage made from either of the two. Nylon also happens to be more abrasion and tear-resistant, which is perfect for fabric suitcases. One thing to note is that nylon is somewhat bulkier than polyester
Ballistic Nylon cloth
Ballistic nylon is a thick synthetic nylon fabric. Ballistic nylon is very durable and easy to clean. Its’ ability to resist abrasion and tearing makes ballistic nylon popular material for luggage that has to be able to withstand a considerable beating. On the downside, ballistic nylon is hard to dye, so there are fewer color choices.
Ballistic nylon luggage usually comes in black or similarly dark colors. This material came into existence during the Second World War, as an American company’s attempt to make a “flak jacket”, i.e., a form of body armor that might protect against bullet and artillery-shell shrapnel. Interesting huh? Unfortunately, Ballistic nylon failed to achieve this goal, but it is still being used for durable products today.
Although ballistic nylon is made from nylon, its properties are not exactly the same. It’s weaved differently and built from thicker and heavier threads (Usually 840D or 1050D). Although they couldn’t make it bulletproof, they did create a fabric that’s virtually travel-proof. It’s mostly used in backpacks and other travel gear, which needs improved resistance. It has a rough feel to it, and it’s bulkier than regular nylon. Compared to regular nylon or polyester, it’s more tear-resistant and abrasion-resistant.
Cordura Nylon cloth
Cordura nylon is another great soft luggage fabric. Cordura is best known for its durability and resistance to abrasions, tears, and scuffs. Cordura weighs slightly less than ballistic nylon and takes dye easily, meaning you have much more color choices. Cordura is also more abrasion resistant, but ballistic nylon offers higher tear strength. Cordura is another type of nylon, somewhat similar to Ballistic nylon. It was developed in the same era, and it’s similarly durable.
Cordura is also made from nylon threads in 1050D thickness. This material is used in high-end travel gear that needs to be super durable and weather-resistant. The key difference from Ballistic nylon is that Cordura is more abrasion-resistant and looks more similar to Canvas. Also, it’s not as tear-resistant as Ballistic nylon. Both materials are exceptionally strong, and both are good choices for fabric travel products, like backpacks and luggage.
Canvas is a woven fabric made from cotton, hemp, or a blend. Although it’s rarely used in luggage, it’s pretty common in backpacks and other travel products. It’s stronger than regular polyester, but not as strong as nylon. Because it’s made from organic materials instead of plastics, it’s not as weatherproof and can start to rot if left in damp conditions. It’s also heavier than polyester or nylon and can get pretty expensive. Due to its more natural looks, it’s more common in backpacks, duffel bags, and jackets, instead of suitcases.
Although leather was widely used for suitcases in the ’50s, it was quickly outperformed by fabric, aluminum, and plastic. Nowadays, it’s hard to find leather suitcases, except for some high-end options that celebrate the old-fashioned look, like Globe-trotter. However, leather is still widely used in handbags, backpacks, and duffel bags. Leather bags are much more durable than polyester and most nylon bags.
If properly treated, they could last a lifetime. The main disadvantage of leather bags is that they’re incredibly heavy, not as weather-resistant, and expensive leather In our country, people are used to calling artificial leather produced with PVC resin as raw material PVC artificial leather (abbreviated as artificial leather); artificial leather produced with PU resin as raw material is called PU artificial leather (abbreviated as PU leather): using PU resin and non-woven fabric as raw materials The artificial leather produced is called PU synthetic leather (abbreviated as synthetic leather).
PVC leather the difference between PVC artificial leather and PU synthetic leather can be distinguished by the method of soaking in gasoline. The method is to use a small piece of fabric, put it in gasoline for half an hour, and then take it out. If it is PVC artificial leather, it will become hard and brittle. PU synthetic leather will not harden and become brittle.
Characteristic of Luggage Fabrics
Aesthetic Properties of Luggage Materials
The characteristics of woven fabrics that might be of importance from the aspect of fabrics usage value are described. These characteristics are thickness, areal density, fabric cover, porosity, elasticity, stiffness, durability, resistance to creasing, resistance to tear, resistance to abrasion air permeability, heat insulation, electric properties, breaking strength. Special attention is devoted to the influence of fabric’s structure on its characteristics.
When looking at the basic properties of the fabric, there are certain features which are necessary to consider; breathability, weight, drape, durability, softness, construction, and whether it is a water-repellent fabric. Most fabrics fall into 2 categories when it comes to their construction properties; woven and knitted. Sturdy fabrics such as canvas, denim, twill, drapery fabric, upholstery fabric, and outdoor fabric are best for tote bags. Since many tote bags seldom require cleaning, novelty drapery, and upholstery fabrics can be fun choices. Faux leather vinyl and nylon are a couple more durable options
How to Check Fabric Quality
- Different Fabrics, Different Standards
- Fabric Weave. High-quality fabrics feature yarns that are closely and tightly woven together
- Color. A good quality fabric should have a dye job to match
- Thread Count
- Finished Product
- What are the factors that affect the texture of the fabric during its manufacture?
- The texture of fabric depends on factors like yarn count, weaving pattern, color, type of material, machine used, etc.
Default areas that affect fabric consumption.
- Markers. Marker making can effectively alter fabric utilization.
- Fabric Width and Shrinkage.
- Fabric repeats size or prints.
- Center-selvage variation and other fabric defects.
Fabric aesthetic character is defined as a relationship among a minimum of six concepts: style, body, cover, surface, texture, drape, and resilience. These concepts can be described by how they are subjectively perceived, by possible sub-concepts by objective tests.
Aesthetic finishes influence the luster, texture, drapability, hand and surface appearance of fabrics as well as enhance a host of other qualities. Aesthetic finishes change the appearance and/or hand or drape of the fabrics.
Different Types of Aesthetics
- Art and Technology. Making a movie requires expert ability, in both the technical and the artistic sense, because it takes both of these skills for a movie to come out just right.
- Frame, Flux, and Sound.
- Point of View.
- The Beautiful.
- The Gothic.
Three major aesthetic theories
These three aesthetic theories are most commonly referred to as Imitational, Formalism, and Emotionalism.
Textile materials and products are manufactured primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than their aesthetic.
Eligibility to become Luggage Materials
- Waterproof & Water repellant— Water Proof fabrics – Fabrics that do not allow any water to penetrate through them. This is the ultimate among all the categories. The finish closes all pores on the fabric and the fabric is completely immune to water.
- Water repellent fabrics – Fabrics with a special fabric finish on the surface or special tight weave or one with special sprays applied that cause the water to roll off the surface. When the finish is gone the water repellency is also gone.
- Water-resistant fabrics -Fabrics are treated so that it resists water to an extent. A chemical coating is applied on the surface. If you are standing in the rain for some time under some of these fabrics eventually water will get through.
- Water repellent finish – A special finish added to the fabric surface to make it repel water – the finish prevents penetration of water droplets to the inside. The advantage is that if applied moderately it does block the pores of the fabric and render it not breathable.
- Lightweight yet highly durable
- Enhanced tear and abrasion resistance
- High tensile and breaking strength
- Excellent adhesion property
- High modular flexibility
- UV absorbing chemicals are added to these fabrics to give constant protection against the sun’s rays.
- These fabrics should have UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) ratings and agency-wise / country-wise approvals to be authentic.
- It should be fade resistant, mildew resistant, and water-resistant – but not waterproof.
Luggage Material Specifications
- Fabric: Polyester/Nylon/Nylon66
- Weave: Woven Plain/Oxford/Ripstop/Dobby/Twill
- Coating Type: PU/PVC/PA
- Denier: 30 – 1200
- GSM: 20 – 400 GSM
- Width: Max 68 inches
- Color: Various
- Prints: Various
Type of Materials used in Luggage Production
PU Coated Fabrics are produced of a wide range of fabrics for Luggage, Backpacks and for their applications with 2, 3, and 4-layer coatings to suit the specific technical requirements. These fabrics are thoroughly tested to guarantee performance even after serious wear and tear. Also, PVC Coated Fabrics are widely used in Soft Luggage Industry and offer excellent abrasion resistance properties. These fabrics have the highest flexibility and best processability due to a special PVC coating recipe.
Eva Foam laminated fabric is manufactured with foam laminated fabrics for various applications in the luggage industry. These fabrics are manufactured using premium-grade yarns and the latest machines under the guidance of skilled professionals to ensure high strength and durability. Fabrics are made available in different thicknesses.
Lining fabric: This fabric is manufactured of 100% Polyester & Nylon Lining fabrics. These various types of lining fabric are in various colors and textures; which adds a professional look to the inside of the bag.
Rain cover Fabric: Backpack rain cover fabrics are made from 100% waterproof material that causes rain to bead up and run off the surface instead of soaking in. The fabrics are strong, durable, and water-resistant.
Digital Printed Fabric is produced in various Designs & Prints on fabrics which is a new and innovative process that involves printing a design, a pattern, or an image directly onto the fabrics through the Direct & Sublimation Printing process.
Taffeta: Taffeta is a crisp, plain-woven fabric made most often from silk, but it can also be woven with polyester, nylon, acetate, or other synthetic fibers. Taffeta fabric typically has a lustrous, shiny appearance. Taffeta can vary in weight from light to medium and in levels of sheerness, depending on the type of fiber used and the tightness of the weave. Taffeta is a popular lining fabric, as the material is decorative and soft, and it is also used for evening wear and home decor.
Narrow Fabrics and their composites are made of are: polyester, nylon, fiberglass, metallic and reflective yarns, carbon fiber, spandex, neoprene, rubber, cotton, polypropylene, rayon, aramid, and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).
To manufacture these specialized webbing, tapes, and specialty fabrics for a broad range of industries they need to have the essential experience of material selection, designing, developing, and manufacturing to produce a specialty product. They are woven on special narrow fabric looms, using the basic principle of warp filling interlacing.
Several sets of warp yarns may be beamed together to make several narrow fabrics side by side, on the same loom. Also, some tapes and ribbons are prepared by cutting the full-width fabrics into strips and sealing the edges like thermoplastic fabric can be woven in this way.
The webbings manufactured are Bag stripe material, woven nylon strapping, web belts, cotton webbing tapes, canvass webbing, polypropylene webbing, jute webbing. Although, some shuttle looms/needle looms are used. This adaptable component can be either flat or tubular, with each form offering unique properties.
Flat webbing, such as a car seatbelt, consists of strong, solidly woven Yarns. A flat tube of webbing, found in climbing and industrial gear, for example, is more flexible than standard flat webbing. Webbing appears in a multitude of operations and industrial sectors.