A Repository of Textile Articles

Textile Fabric Types – different types of fabrics and their patterns

List of textile fabrics | fabric names | fabric patterns | type of fabrics | fabric material | kind of fabrics | different types of fabric names and its application | fabric patterns | fabrics for dresses online

Generally, a set number of yarns are used for the formation of fabrics. Also, a number of techniques are used for producing fabrics such as weaving, knitting, and felting. The type of fabrics varies by the fibres, the fabric formation techniques, machinery used for producing them, and finishing techniques. Fabrics can also be made differently based on the end-usage.

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Generally, fabrics take the name of the fiber used to manufacture it such as fabrics made out of 100% Cashmere Fibers is named as Cashmere Fabric.

However, certain fabrics although uses a particular fiber 100% or uses a blend of different fibers may be termed otherwise and are named depending on weaving patterns, texture, and the processes, etc. such as Organza fabrics were often used to produce with Silk, but even though they started using it with alternate fibers, it continued to be called as Organza Fabric.

Fabric Types by Patterns

Each fabric carries a unique name in order for it to be identified among others based on their textures, designs, weaving patterns, aesthetic values, fiber source, the place where the fabrics are originated, etc.

  1. Aertex Fabric

    Aertex Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    A trade name for a cloth patented in Britain in 1886, which was first manufactured in 1888. The cloth traps air in between its structure, keeping the body cool in summer, and warm in winter. Two threads or ends act as one thread; when a weft thread passes between them, the doup ends twist catching the weft and holding it tightly in place. Very fancy and beautiful clothes can be produced by combining the cross weaving with other weave structures.

  2. Aida Fabric

    Aida cloth Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Aida cloth is a cotton fabric with a natural mesh pattern generally used for cross-stitch embroidery. The open, even-weave Aida fabrics’ natural stiffness enables the fabric the embroiders choice.

  3. baize-fabric

    Baize Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Baize is a smooth, dense, durable textile fabric made from wool and cotton blends generally used on gaming tables such as snooker tables, billiards tables, and blackjack tables. The durability and smooth finishing combined with less friction make Baize Fabric a perfect candidate for the surface of the gaming pool tables.

  4. Batiste Fabric

    Batiste Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Batiste Fabric is one of the softest of the lightweight opaque fabrics made from cotton, wool, linen, polyester, or a blend. The fabric is often made with a soft face and a slight crispness, majorly used for Christening gowns, nightgowns, and underlining for wedding gowns.

  5. birds-eye-knit

    Bird’s Eye Knit Fabric

    Knitted Fabric
    Bird’s eye is a double knit fabric with a combination of tuck stitches along with knitting stitches. The tuck stitch creates interesting eyelet or hole effect on the fabric surface resembling a bird’s eye. FabThe fabric usually made of multi-colored threads creating scrambling effect. The fabric may be made with designs having eyelets. They are a popular clothing fabric, especially women’s wear.

  6. Bombazine Fabric

    Bombazine Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    The word is derived from the obsolete French word Bombazine applied originally to silk but later to tree-silk or cotton. Bombazine was woven with a silk warp and worsted weft which is twilled or corded and used for dress materials.

  7. Benaras_brocade_sari
    By Anilbhardwajnoida (Own work) [ CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

    Brocade Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Brocade is woven fabrics having a raised floral or figured design that is introduced during the weaving process, usually by means of a Jacquard attachment. The design, appearing only on the fabric face, is usually made in a satin or twill weave. The exquisite fabrics are produced by weaving with warps and weft threads of different colors and often of different materials. Brocade refers to those textiles wherein patterns are created in weaving by transfixing or thrusting the pattern thread between the warp. In brocade designs with special threads are transfixed in between skipping the passage of the regular weft over a certain number of warp threads and by regularizing the skipping by means of pre-arranged heddles for each type of patterning.

  8. Buckram Fabric

    Buckram Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    It is a stiff coated fabric made from a lightweight loosely woven fabric, impregnated with adhesives and fillers. This fabric is used as interfacing so as to provide support and shape retention to necklines, collars, belts, cuffs, waistbands, button closures etc in garments. They are also used as reinforcements for handbags and other articles.

  9. cable-knit

    Cable Knit Fabric

    Knitted Fabric
    Cable fabric is a double knit fabric made by the special loop transfer technique. The wales in the fabric have a rope-like an appearance, where plaits are based on the transfer of loops with adjacent wales. The fabric has an interesting surface texture like braids as the loops cross each other. It is widely used as sweater fabric.

  10. calico-prints
    calico-prints

    Calico Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Calico is plain, tabby woven fabrics printed with simple designs employing one or more colors. Calico is a woven fabric made from 100% cotton fibers. It is unbleached, undyed and not fully processed during production. This results in the fabric being light beige color and quite rough in appearance and texture, and it may contain unseparated cotton husks.
    Chintz is a variation of Calico Fabric.

  11. Cambric Fabric

    Cambric Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Cambric is a very fine bleached linen in imitation of the French fabric made around Cambria (France) and hence sometimes called French Lawn in Scotland. Due to the ease of maintainability, Cambric fabrics are ideal for handkerchiefs, children’s dresses, slips, underwear, and nightgowns.

  12. Charmeuse Fabric

    Charmeuse Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Charmeuse is a lightweight satin weave fabric, traditionally used to make with 100% silk now are generally made with polyester fiber. The smooth touch, elegant sheen, and high drapability make the Charmeuse fabric ideal for lingerie and elegant evening gowns.

  13. Chenille Fabric

    Chenille Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Chenille is a heavyweight, rough woven fabric often used for upholstery, curtains, and cushions.

  14. Corduroy-Fabric

    Corduroy Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Corduroy is made from major textile fibers with one warp and two fillings. After it is woven, the back of the cloth is coated with glue; the floats of pile yarn are then cut in their center. The glue prevents the filling from drawing out of the goods during the cutting. The glue is removed from the face, which is then subjected to a series of brushings, waxings, and singeings to produce a velvetlike ribbed finish.

  15. Casement Fabric

    Casement Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Casement is a medium weight cotton fabric made of closely packed thick warp yarns. Generally, it is used for curtains, table linen, upholstery and rarely used for dresses.

  16. cheese-fabric

    Cheese Cloth

    Woven Fabric
    It is a popular lightweight sheer fabric having an open weave. It has a low count fabric consisting of carded yarns. Originally it was used for wrapping cheese or meat and hence the name. It is neither strong nor durable. It is finished in a variety of ways that attract the consumer. It is used not only for women’s and children’s dresses but also for drapery fabrics. Due to its open structure, it does not require much ironing.

  17. Cheviot Fabric

    Cheviot Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Cheviot is a woolen fabric made originally from the wool of Cheviot sheep and now also made from other types of wool or from blends of wool and man-made fibers in plain or various twill weaves. A rugged tweed made from uneven yarn, this fabric usually has a rather harsh hand. Cheviot fabric is fine, soft, and pliable. the fabric has a crispness of texture similar to serge but is slightly rougher and heavier.

  18. chiffon fabric

    Chiffon Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Chiffon basically refers to a light plain weaved sheer fabric with a soft drape of alternate Sand Z-twist crepe yarns. The twist in the crepe yarns puckers the fabric slightly in both directions after weaving, giving it some stretch and a slightly rough feel. These fabrics when held up to the light, strongly resembles closely woven netting.
    Chiffon fabric can be manufactured using different fibers like silk, synthetic, polyester, rayon, cotton, etc. but it is generally associated with fibers like nylon or silk. Chiffon fabric can easily be dyed in contrast to any desired color shade and used for bridal gowns and also appears in evening dresses, prom dresses, and scarves.

  19. Chino Fabric

    Chino Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Chino Fabrics is the slightly lustered woven fabrics made out of Cotton is usually used for trousers and military uniforms.

  20. chintz-fabric

    Chintz Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Chintz is a medium weight, plain woven cotton yarn. It is often given a glazed finish which may be temporary or semi-permanent glazed chintz are available in solid colour as well as printed with floral prints. These are often made from blends of cotton and polyester or rayon. They are used for skits, dresses, blouses, pyjamas, aprons, and draperies.

  21. Surface of chirimen (Japanese crepe) which is made of 100% rayon.
    By Asanagi(Asanagi (talk)’s file) [CC0],via Wikimedia Commons

    Crepe Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Crepe fabrics are without prominent weave effects but have a crinkled or pebble surface. It is a plain woven fabric made of very high twist yarns, either in one direction or both warp and weft hence, giving the pebble effect. It may be manufactured in the range of light to medium weight. The fabric has silk-like texture and drapes well. It is used for making dresses, blouses, linings, scarves and in home furnishings too.

  22. Crewel Fabric

    Crewel Fabric

    Specialty Fabric
    A wide range of crewel fabric come from Kashmir in north-western India. Because of its versatility, a crewel fabric is widely used for the manufacturing of curtains, light upholstery, bed-heads, cushions and bed covers and so on. Due to its longevity, exquisiteness and with its aesthetic appeal, crewel fabric has been ruling the international market.
    The availability of crewel fabric in subtle lustrous color and rich texture makes it one of the most demanding items. A crewel fabric possesses the capability to complement various types of body tones.

  23. Damask Fabric

    Damask Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Damask is a heavyweight, rough woven fabric often used for upholstery, curtains, and cushions. The fabric often uses floral patterns or reversible figures.

  24. Denim Fabric
    Denim Fabric, by Digital Buggu

    Denim Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Denim fabrics generally used for making jeans is a rugged cotton twill. In denim fabric, the weft passes under two or more than two warp fibers that produce the common diagonal ribbing which is identifiable on the back of the fabric.
    The diagonal ribbing separates the existence of denim fabric from cotton duck. The denim fabric is generally colored with indigo dye to create blue jeans though jeans denoted a distinct lighter cotton textile. Denim fabric is used on a large scale all over the world economies. Its vivid texture and ability to provide extreme comfort makes it one of demanding fashion entities all over. With blissful shopping experience, people are moving toward more purchasing new innovative designs of denim fabric.

  25. dimity-fabric

    Dimity Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Dimity – the sheer plain weave fabric is characterized by vertical ribs or cord stripes at regular intervals. The fabric is often used for summer dresses, blouses, aprons, curtains, bedspreads, scarves, wedding apparel, and baby clothes.

  26. drill-fabric

    Drill Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    The drill is a type of twill woven fabrics made out of Cotton fibers, generally termed as Khakhi, used for uniforms, workwear, sailcloth, upholstery, tents, etc. due to its durability.

  27. double-knit

    Double Knit Fabric

    Knitted Fabric
    Double Knits are made from the interlock stitches and its variations. The process involves the use of two pairs of needles set at an angle to each other. Fibers that the generally used to make double knits are polyester and wool. Double knits are weft knitted fabrics made with two sets of needle beds. The fabric structure is more stable and compact. The fabrics do not curl at the edges and do not ravel. They may be made with interesting designs and textures. One or two yarns are used to knit one course in the fabric.

  28. canvas shoes
    Canvas Shoes, by Capri23auto

    Duck or Canvas Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Canvas fabrics are generally made of Cotton, Linen, or synthetic in heavyweights with an even firm weave.
    Generally used for tents, motor hoods, belting, packagings, sneakers, painting canvases, tents, sandbags, Duck fabrics are rough fabrics.
    A number of Canvas fabrics are commercially available made with various fiber sources such as Cotton, Linen, Hemp, and colors blends.

  29. felt-fabric

    Felt Fabric

    Specialty Fabric
    Natural fibers such as wool are pressed and condensed together with heat and pressure to make a sheet of fabrics are called Felt Fabrics. Felt fabrics are non-woven fabrics.

  30. Fiberglass-Fabric

    Fiberglass Fabric

    Specialty Fabric
    Fiberglass is a material that generally consists of extremely fine glass fibers and often used in manufacturing different products like fabric, yarns, insulators and structural objects.

45 Comments
  1. k says

    I did a science fair experiment and report on textiles and the website really helped me. Thanks!

    1. KS Nair says

      Glad to know that the site helped you.
      Webmaster.

  2. phearon says

    soooo good !

  3. Dagmar Kugler says

    Can you tell me if Ramie is washable? I have a hand me down Spring Jacket made of Polyester and Rani (misspelled on item?, unless this is a mystery fabric). It smells old and stored, but looks brand new. Love the site btw., very informative.

    1. krt says

      Yes, Ramie is washable. Ramie is natural cellulose fiber.

      1. Dagmar Kugler says

        Thanks so much, appreciate your help.

  4. Ollie O' says

    Is there a sort of fabric that’s feels like paper but is wearable?

    1. krt says

      Paper is a man made cellulose material similar to Rayon fabric. Methods of manufacturing and applications are different and can not replace each other though both are made from same source of raw material i.e. wood pulp. Fabric needs air permeability, flexibility and durability that can not be achieved in paper form. However non-woven Rayon fabric is similar to paper.

      Fabric can also make like paper by applying paper finish on it where both objectives can be met if required.

  5. Công Thành says

    so good

  6. Anonymous says

    This could just be my beginner stupidity showing, but where does tulle stand in all this?

  7. Isabeaumonde says

    I’m sad to see some serious inaccuracies here. The biggest is the listing of Rayon as a synthetic. It is an organic material processed as a synthetic, which does not change it’s organic properties. Chiffon, organza….both historically silk.

  8. ANGIE says

    WHAT IS GOLDWIER? PLEASE HELP

  9. prem says

    what is nazneen fabric?

    1. skn says

      May be a commercial name for certain fabric.

  10. Palash Ahmed says

    This is a very powerful article. Almost all types of fabrics are described here. It will be very helpful for those who are learning or working in textile sector. Thank a lot for this wonderful article. I think visitors will get some significant information visiting through the link given below.
    http://www.pigft.blogspot.com

  11. Palash Ahmed says

    This is a very powerful article. Almost all types of fabrics are described here. It will be very helpful for those who are learning or working in textile sector. Thank a lot for this wonderful article. I think visitors will get some significant information visiting through the link given below.
    http://www.pigft.blogspot.com

  12. CA Pawan Kr Agrawal, Kolkata. says

    Interlining is a very important in apparel manufacturing. Interlining is one kind of accessories that is used
    between the two layers of fabric in a garment. To keep the different component or part of apparel in a desired shape, a kind of fabric is used between the two ply of fabric by sewing or fusing is called interlining. Generally, interlinings are soft, thick, and flexible. Interlining is generally used in collar, cuffs, waist band, front facing of coat, outerwear plackets, jackets, blazers etc.
    Fusible Interlining:
    It is most used interlining. The interlining which is used between two layers of fabrics by applying heat and
    pressure for a certain time is called Fusible Interlining. Fusible interlining is used for all kinds of apparel. Also it is used in “Ready to wear” and “Bespoke garment”. It is very popular.

    My question is whether character of textile fabrics is retained or lost after applying HDPE or LDPE by heat process on one side of cotton fabrics?

  13. LFRY says

    Are all these materials easy to find?

  14. annie jane says

    This list is super!!! Thank you. I have a question. I am making a pincushion specifically for the regular session to session sharpening of needle nose tweezers while I work applying eyelash extensions. The pincushion will be filled with emery, a finely ground metal used for sharpening needles, pins and tools. As for the fabric cover, I need it to be durable and mainly lint free. But have enough texture and body to it, a little grit to it even, so that when I pass my tweezers through it into the emery, the small bits of eyelash glue (similar to superglue in strength but flakier in texture and strength), can slough off onto fabric and off of my tweezers. Please any help with this question would be greatly appreciated!

    ….thinking heavy cotton canvas, wool, a jute weave, or a poly/wool blend…

  15. Ali from Malaysia says

    verry usefull article, thank you very much.

  16. david says

    ya thank u very much.it’s very use full for me.thanks a lot,,,,.

  17. Textile Apex says

    There may be different types of Fabrics. To be a fabric technologist, it is important to know about the fabrics. This article will help us to know about the fabric derivatives. Thanks.
    Textile Apex – A blog site on Textile and Apparel

    1. krhea says

      I only hope that you can tell the difference between a fiber and a fabric!

  18. Dilki Desilva says

    Thank you soooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much. Without this, I could have failed

  19. kamshom says

    Awesome. …its too helpful.

  20. Ellisse says

    So helpful for my textiles research XD
    We have to research how useful each fabric would be

  21. emptiness says

    This list is important & helpful to us ——
    thanks —!!

  22. John Heins says

    OK…BUT As I mentioned to the webmaster, the name Nylon most certainly does not come from a combining of the the New York/London (NY-LON) names. Dupont, the inventors and patent holders for Nylon state that the name is as synthetic as the fiber. They took the random syllable Nyl and combined it with the “on” (as in Ray”on” or Cott”on”) to make it sound fabric-like. Although the idea that it is New York and London combined is interesting, it makes no sense since Dupont is based in Delaware and really has no major ties to either of those cities…so why randomly name it after both? Why not Bogata and Tokyo for that matter? (Botok?) Another case of “saw it on the web so it must be true” uncovered as false.

    1. Arpit Sanghavi says

      Hmmm. You have a point. So, today I unlearned something. Thanks.

  23. haranixie says

    Who is the author of this article and when is the date published??

  24. Dr Anoop Biswas says

    Uses of synthetic fabric?

  25. Hls Bhr says

    Thank you very much, for the information about fabric types..
    So good

  26. Ishita Yadav says

    This was very useful. Thankyou.
    Also, I needed a brief on PST fabric, which I have commonly heard of being used as a substitute of Chanderi by Indian retailers. Would be very helpful. 🙂

  27. mouayed says

    This helped me a lot at my school project. Thank you who ever posted this i love textile . Thank you so much for helping me out

  28. Ona Alert says

    Very useful.

  29. yuvraj says

    ok but add detail what fabric you use for example;cottin fabric

  30. yuvraj says

    sorry i had to go to sleep cottin fabric is used for jackets,bedsheets.

  31. bean head says

    anybody ever gave tide pods a try give me a rate 1-10 i am thinking about giving them a go they just look so good:)

  32. Kashiram Rote says

    How to determine percentage of oil content from automotive polyester greige fabric

  33. Kashiram Rote says

    How oil comes in automotive polyester greige fabric

  34. Kashiram Rote says

    What is minium and maximum percentage is avalable in the automotive polyester greige fabric

  35. Aashi Verma says

    helpful information on different types of fabric… http://globetextiles.net/portfolio/cotton-dyed/

  36. Textile Teacher says

    For a ‘School of Textiles’, some of the information outlined in this article is inaccurate & would be very confusing for students. Here are just a few of the questionable items. * Students need to know that there is a difference between FIBRES (Australian spelling) and FABRICS. These two terms are not synonymous. Fibres are the building blocks of all fabrics & classified into 3 groups (natural – eg: cotton, wool, silk, linen, jute, hemp etc) man-made or synthetic (eg:nylon, polyester, acrylic, rayon, acetate etc) and mineral (eg asbestos & fibreglass). Fibres most often have to be SPUN together in yarns before they can be made into fabrics. Woollen fibres are an exception. Wool fibres can be matted or felted together to form fabrics (eg: like felts used for the walls of yurts). Fabrics result from the combining of the fibres. Fabrics are made through either weaving, knitting, matting fibres together. There are many other construction methods used for making industrial use fabrics. Nowhere is this clarification between fibres & fabrics made. ** No disadvantages are given of the fabrics mentioned. For example, fabrics made of cotton are very flammable, even more so when woven fabrics made of cotton are brushed (eg: flannelette) of are flowing in design. That is why in Australia there is very strict labelling of childrens’ nightwear so people are aware of the dangers of this type of fibre/fabric combination. Linen is expensive & wrinkles badly (needs ironing). Wool is not really very strong as this article states – in fact it is the weakest of the natural fibres. You would never find mens suits made out of 100% wool as the woollen fibre is not strong enough. There would be bagging and sagging at the seat, knees & elbows of the garment. *** The bit about ‘grey fabric’… wow in all of my years as a textile teacher, I’ve never heard of it, seen it or seen any reference to it. I think this bit on ‘grey fabric’ is a furphy! Sounds like a student trying to fluff their way through an exam question… lots of words but no substance! **** Satin is a type of woven fabric that has ‘floating’ warp yarns. It is this type of woven construction that gives satin fabric lustre & not just the type of fibre used.***** Stretch fabrics can result from a) using a knitted fabric construction eg socks b) using fabric draped on the bias (using the 45 degree angle of the warp & weft yarns c) introducing an elastomeric yarn into the fabric construction eg 5% elastomeric yarns to denim weave for stretch jeans. ***** calling polyester a fabric is confusing for your students. Polyester is a fibre. It can then be woven or knitted to make a polyester fabric.**** I agree with the John, the term nylon did not come about as stated in this article. As this written piece is on your site titled “Textile School” it needs to be more accurate & less confusing to your students. This article needs to be proof-read by a teacher of textiles & corrected. References would also give it more credibility.

  37. RiseTextile says

    Very helpful Post.keep going good with it. as a part of textile industry it will useful for promoting Digital Fabric Printing
    services.

  38. Aidan says

    Can you please list the fabrics denim, chiffon, organza, velvet, and taffeta from most flexible to least flexible.

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