Textile Fabric Types – different types of fabrics and their patterns
List of textile fabrics | fabric names | fabric patterns | type of fabrics | fabric material | kind of fabrics | different types of fabric names and its application | fabric patterns | fabrics for dresses online
Generally, a set number of yarns are used for the formation of fabrics. Also, a number of techniques are used for producing fabrics such as weaving, knitting, and felting. The type of fabrics varies by the fibres, the fabric formation techniques, machinery used for producing them, and finishing techniques. Fabrics can also be made differently based on the end-usage.
Oxford fabrics are made with loosely constructed weaves such as rib weaves, basket weaves, and half basket weaves out of soft fine yarn. Since basket weave is a loosely constructed weave, the fabric is porous. Fine and closely packed warp and coarser weft make the fabric lustrous. It is one of the most popular shirt fabrics.
Percale Fabrics are soft and crisp plain weave fabrics made with rich colours (with low-impact dyes) and sophisticated prints often used for bed covers.
Plain fabrics are well known for their soberness and long-lasting durability. Clothing made out of plain fabric can simply be termed as the most impressive and exclusive range of clothing available today. With the available different varieties of plain fabric, the choice is endless. Plain fabrics are also well known for their durability and cost-effectiveness.The clothing made using plain fabric is totally capable of impressing absolute anybody with its unique qualities and aesthetic appeal. A quality that along with its comfort, plain fabric clothes are extremely popular for leisure wear. Among the vast accumulation of available fabric, the plain fabric is most popular fabric.
Pointelle Knit Fabric
Pointelle is a type of double knit fabric. The fabric has patterned miss stitches. The fabric has looked like lace, with holes made by these transferred stitches. The feminine look of the fabric makes it ideal for women’s tops and kids wear.
Poplin fabrics plain woven horizontally ribbed fabrics. Poplin fabrics made of Polyester, Cotton, and its blends and the ribs are heavy and prominent as coarse weft yarns are used. Poplin fabrics are used for jackets, raincoats, shirts etc.
Purl Knit Fabric
Purl Knit Fabrics look the same on both sides of the fabric. Many attractive patterns and designs can be created with the purl stitch. It is often used in the manufacture of bulky sweaters and children’s clothing. The production speed is generally slow with Purl knits.
Purl Knit is made by knitting yarn as alternate knit and purl stitch in one wale of the fabric. The fabric has alternate courses of knit stitch and purl stitch. The fabric is reversible and identical on both sides of the fabric. The fabric does not curl and lies flat. It is more stretchable in length direction.
Quilting is the art of covering the fabrics for frontal and back, both the sides. The fabrics composed by the sides are generally said to be the quilting fabric. Quilted fabrics are generally made for products like bags, clothing, and mattresses. Quilted fabrics can blend any of the material like cotton, polyesters, silk and many more including the wool.Quilted fabrics have been in the daily uses since ages. With the time, the quilted fabric has been innovated and modernized in its composition and designs as well. Quilted fabric is also available in countless colours and shapes. Especially, the variety of quilted fabric can be witnessed in the jackets and mattresses.
Raschel Knit Fabric
Raschel knits are produced from spun or filament yarns of different weights and types. Most raschel knits can be identified by their intricate designs, the open-space look of crochet or lace, and an almost three-dimensional surface effect design.
Reflective fabric is the nicest instance of the expanded usability of the fabrics. This has been all possible just because of the continuous innovation in the science field. Reflective fabric is known for their ability to reflect the light to the farthest distance possible. That is why; reflective fabric is used in countless usability, few of them are listed below:
- In the streets: the reflectors and the alerts are made up of the reflective fabric. It is generally red in color as red has the largest ability to reflect. Also, it can be visible from the very long distance that makes the traffic flow smoothly. Especially in the night vision, reflective fabrics are proven to be the boon.
- Security: life jackets are made of reflective fabrics. Also, other apparels are made by the reflective fabrics. Reflective fabrics help in to notify the person in the crowd or any kind of situations. Coastguards and even police sometimes have their dresses made up of the reflective life jackets.
There are many another numerous usability of the reflective fibres, making it the finest fabrics that are great for durability and usability as well.
Rib Stitch Knit Fabric
Rib Stitch Knits have stitches drawn to both sides of the fabric, which produces columns of wales on both the front and back of the fabric. Rib stitch produces fabrics that have excellent elasticity. Rib knits are used for the “ribbing” which is usually found at the lower edges of sweaters, on sleeve cuffs, and at necklines. The Rib-knit fabric is made by knitting yarn as alternate knit stitch and purl stitch in one course of the fabric. The fabric has alternate wales of knit and purl stitches. It is reversible fabric, as they look identical on both sides of the fabric. They may be made with both flat and circular knitting machines.
Satin or Sateen Fabric
Satin/Sateen fabric is also said to be the most elegant fabrics. The reason behind is its astonishing looks and smooth surface. Satin fabric is used in a variety of apparels like a blouse, panties, gowns, and many other kinds of clothing. Satin fabric is used for bed sheets, curtains, and decorative purposes. The glossiness of the satin fabric really makes the material high class. At top of that, satin fabric is availed in multifarious color options like black, red, green, purple, blue and etc.Satin fabric is generally composed of silk or rayon and that is why it is so smooth. Also, satin is very light and delicate and are manufactured with a great deal of care and attention. Satin fabrics need a fine set up of manufacturing and processing unit as each and every strand of the satin fabric must be well knitted.
Shantung is plain-woven fabrics made out of Silk and fibers similar to Silk. The fabric is made with slub yarns in order to create rib effects along the weft direction and has a rough texture with sheen. Shantung fabrics are used for bridal gowns, dresses, etc.
These are primarily used for bed coverings. They are medium weight, closely woven fabrics woven either in plain or twin weave. Sheeting fabrics are made in different widths. High-quality cotton sheetings are made in plain weave with a width of 64″ x 58″ and in a twill weave with a width of 60″x72″.
Sliver Knit Fabric
The Sliver Knit is Pile jersey fabric. Unlike Velour fabric, Sliver knit fabric is characterized by a longer pile on the fabric surface. It is made of special circular knitting machines in which the surface fibers imitating fur are attached to the fabric, by means of knitting sliver along with base yarn making the fabric. Sliver knit fabrics have longer and denser piles on the fabric surface than other pile jerseys. Animal printed sliver knit fabrics are popularly used as imitation fur fabrics. They are more popular than fur as they are light, more stretchable and do not require special care for storage. They are widely used in making jackets and coats.
Taffeta fabric is a crisp, soft and smooth plain woven fabric with slight sheen manufactured out of different fibers like rayon, silk or nylon. Taffeta fabric is widely used in the manufacturing of women’s garments. The taffeta fabric has a unique rippled or wavy pattern which exhibits similarity to a water stain or mark, with dull and lustrous areas that reflect light differently.The word ‘Taffeta’ has its origin from Persia, and means “twisted woven”. It is generally made with a plain weave, fine warp yarns, and heavier filling yarns. A good quality taffeta fabric represents the artwork in an optimum manner.
Stretch fabric is a fabric referring to the normal fabric, which stretches in all four directions. Simplifying the construction of clothing stretches fabrics are commonly used in swimsuits. They were originally being used in the mid-1980s by a large number of fashion designers. Entering the mainstream market in early 1990, Stretch fabrics are widely used in sportswear.
Sometimes Stretch fabric is also termed as Stretch woven fabric when it is blended with a stable fibre of cotton, wool or synthetic. When it comes to talking about stretching, then Stretch fabric is very easy to Stretch in one or both directions presenting the traditional look and lot of comfort. Stretch fabric has better shape retention and is wrinkle resistance because of which they are more comfortable to wear.
Tartan is a lightweight plain weave with a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colours often used for upholstery to home furnishings.
Terry Knitted Fabric
Knitted Terry is piled jersey fabric made with a special attachment in regular circular knitting machines similar to woven fabrics. The fabric has loops on the fabric surface. The fabric is made of two sets of yarns, in which one set of yarn makes the pile, while the other set of yarn makes the base fabric.
Knit terry is softer, more flexible and is more comfortable than woven terry fabrics. However, they are not firm and durable as woven terry. Owing to its softness and absorbency, it is widely used in beachwear, towels, bathrobes etc.
Terry Fabrics generally used for towels (commonly known as terry bath towels) is a woven fabric, usually made of Cotton or a blend with a synthetic fiber and has a loop pile on one or both sides. The loops may cover the entire surface or may form stripes, cables, checks, or other patterns.It is observed that original terry weaving was likely the result of defective weaving. The name “terry” comes from the French word “tirer” which means to pull out, referring to the pile loops which were pulled out by hand to make absorbent traditional Turkish toweling.
The classification of towels can be made according to weight, production, pile presence on fabric surfaces, pile formation, pile structure, and finishing. Warp knitted terry cloth is manufactured on a Raschel warp knitting machine, using three sets of warp yarns.
Yarns which are used in terry towels are high absorbency, high wet strength, and ability to dye well, good color fastness wash-ability, soft hand, and hypoallergenic, low cost, and easy availability. Cotton is generally used as pile yarn in warp knitted terry cloth because of its excellent absorbency.
Ticking is a tightly woven fabric made with cotton or linen fibers popularly known for its durability traditionally used for pillows and mattresses
It is a fine fabric either made of silk or man-made fibre. They are characteristically interwoven with gold or silver threads. It is produced in rich colours and they are used as women’s dress material, sarees etc.
Tricot Knit Fabric
Tricot knits are made almost exclusively from filament yarns because uniform diameter and high quality are essential yarn characteristics for use with the very high-speed tricot knitting machines. Fabrics constructed by the tricot knitting machine are usually plain or have a simple geometric design. The front surface of the fabric has clearly defined vertical wales, and the back surface has crosswise courses.
Velour Knitted Fabric
Knitted Velour are Pile jersey fabrics having soft protruding fibers on the fabric surface. Like knit terry, they are also made of an additional set of yarns making pile loops on the fabric surface. However, in Velour, these pile loops are sheared evenly and brushed. It may be dyed and generally available with solid colors. They are used in luxurious apparels like jackets, blouses, dresses etc.
Velvet is one of the smoothest and softest amidst all the other kinds of fabrics. Velvets are specially manufactured and process because of its distinctive properties.Velvet fabrics are used in a variety of appliances like clothing including trousers, shirts, and many more. Also, velvet fabric is used in bed sheets, covers, curtains and etc. Velvet fabric is no less than silk in any assessments whether be glossiness or be the unending glaze. Velvet fabric, due to its high-class looks and price viability has made it the most preferred fabrics.
In the modern times, velvet fabrics are availed in the multifarious designs and colors. And also are stronger and elastic than the previous times. The newer velvet fabrics need less maintenance and can be easily washed and dried. Use of modern innovations in the composition of the velvet fabrics has made it more easily accessible to the common masses.
Viole is a plain woven fabric with the crisp finish made out of various fibers and mainly with Cotton. Voile uses highly twisted, finely combed yarns and products such as blouses and dresses are made with it.
Warp Knitted Fabric
Warp knitted fabrics are made in a special knitting machine with yarns from warp beam. Unlike weft knits, they are knitted from multiple yarns, with yarns forming loops in adjacent wales. The fabric may be identified with a pick glass. The face side of the fabric has slightly inclined vertical knitting loops whereas the backside of the fabric has inclined horizontal floats. They do not ravel. Warp knit fabrics are constructed with yarn loops formed in a vertical or warp direction. All the yarns used for a width of a warp knit are placed parallel to each other in a manner similar to the placement of yarns in weaving. The fabrics that are made of great quality with the technique are generally made with Tricot and Raschel knits.
Whipcord is a strong worsted or cotton fabric made of hard-twisted yarns with diagonal cord or rib. Whipcord is very much like gabardine, but the yarn is bulkier and much more pronounced and are very durable, rugged and stands hard usage.