A Repository of Textile Articles

Textile Fabric Types – different types of fabrics and their patterns

List of textile fabrics | fabric names | fabric patterns | type of fabrics | fabric material | kind of fabrics | different types of fabric names and its application | fabric patterns | fabrics for dresses online

Generally, a set number of yarns are used for the formation of fabrics. Also, a number of techniques are used for producing fabrics such as weaving, knitting, and felting. The type of fabrics varies by the fibres, the fabric formation techniques, machinery used for producing them, and finishing techniques. Fabrics can also be made differently based on the end-usage.

48 234,822
image_print
  1. Filter Fabric

    Filter FabricSpecialty Fabric
    A filter fabric is well known for its functionality and longevity. However, a filter fabric is known for its high temperature and chemical resistance.

  2. Flannel Fabric

    Flannel Fabric
    Flannel Fabric, by Brushy

    Woven Fabric
    Flannel is plain or twill woven fabrics popular for its softness and coziness. The softness comes from a technique employed by the mills called “double brushing”. It may be classified as brushed fabric with soft fibers protruding on one or both the fabric surface.Originally, flannel was made of wool, but now it is made of cotton, wool or any other synthetic fiber. Flannel fabrics are ideal for suitings, shirting, jackets, bedspreads, and pajamas.

  3. Flat or Jersey Knit Fabric

    flat-jersey-knitKnitted Fabric
    Flat or Jersey Knit fabrics have visible flat vertical lines on the front and dominant horizontal ribs on the back of the fabric. The flat or jersey knit stitch is used frequently, it is fast, inexpensive, and can be varied to produce fancy patterned fabrics. A major disadvantage of regular flat knits is their tendency to “run” if a yarn is broken. The flat or jersey stitch can be varied by using different yarns or double-looped stitches of different lengths to make terry, velour, and plush fabrics. This stitch is also used in making nylon hosiery, men’s underwear, and t-shirts.

  4. Fleece Knit Fabric

    fleece-knitKnitted Fabric
    Fleece is a type of weft insertion jersey. Weft insertion fabrics are weft knitted fabrics in which an additional yarn is inserted for each course. These additional yarns are not knit, rather they are held by the loops in each course of the fabric. The inserted yarn may be decorative or functional like stretch yarn. It provides stability, cover, and comfort. The insertion yarn is usually coarser than the base yarn. When the insertion yarn forming piles are sheared and napped, it is called Fleece. They are usually made of Cotton, Cotton/Polyester, Wool, and Acrylic. End Uses include jackets, dresses, sportswear, and sweaters.

  5. Foulard Fabric

    foulard-fabricWoven Fabric
    Foulard Fabrics are lightweight twill weave plain fabrics with distinctive soft finish originally used to made from silk or silk-blends. The fabric is often characterized by a small printed design of various colors.

  6. Fustian Fabric

    fustian-fabricWoven Fabric
    Fustian is a heavyweight fabric made with a linen warp and cotton wefts or fillings. The Fustian fabrics are usually used for menswear and the name “Fustian” is generally used to denote heavy fabrics in the past.

  7. Gabardine Fabric

    Gabardine FabricWoven Fabric
    Gabardine is made of twill woven worsted or cotton fabric. The fabric is produced by maintaining higher twist on warp yarns compared to weft yarns resulting in a fine, prominent twill line. The fabric is available in various surface designs like heather, stripes, checks, plaid, or solid color. Since the fabric is durable, gabardine is widely used in making pants, shirting and suiting.

  8. Gauze Fabric

    Gauze FabricWoven Fabric
    Gauze is plain weave fabrics constructed with more spaces between the threads than regular fabric. Gauze fabric is usually made of cotton, rayon or their blends of soft texture spun yarns.

    Though not suitable for durable applications, it is used in apparel, home furnishing like curtains and is popular in medical uses for bandages.

  9. Georgette Fabric

    Georgette FabricWoven Fabric
    Georgette is a sheer and strong silk or silk-like clothing fabric that often comes with a dull, creped surface. In simple words, it is a sheer lightweight fabric that provides utmost comfort. This is fabric is usually made out of silk or polyester. As compared to chiffon, it is opaque and slightly heavy.

    If it comes to least expensive and much practical fabric. Due to its exquisiteness and uniqueness, a georgette fabric proves a demanding item in the fashion industry.

  10. Gingham Fabric

    Gingham FabricWoven Fabric
    Gingham is a medium weight plain-woven fabric made from dyed cotton or cotton blends. The word “Gingham” originated from the Malay word “Genggang” meaning “striped” and the fabrics are made with checks as the name suggests.

  11. Grey or Greige Fabric

    cotton-grey-fabric
    Grey or Greige Fabric

    Woven FabricWhen no finish is applied to the textiles, they are termed as grey fabrics or greige fabrics or unfinished textiles, which of course

    does not refers to the color of the fabric. It implies that no finishing treatment has been given to it. Grey fabrics are used chiefly when the aesthetic values of the end-products are limited.

    Due to its cost-effectiveness, exquisiteness, and longevity, the grey fabric has been widely used for cloth manufacturing. The uniquely woven grey fabric has become increasingly popular in appreciation of increased market demand.

  12. Industrial Fabric

    Industrial FabricWoven Fabric
    The industrial fabric is a fabric which is usually made from man-made fibers like fiberglass, carbon, and aramid fibers. It covers a wide variety of widths, weights and construction particularly made to meet a specific application. The industrial fabric is used for decorative purposes. The industrial fabric is woven in various thicknesses and constructions in a basic weave, namely plain, leno, satin, basket etc.

    It is primarily used for filtration, marine and recreational products, insulation, electronics, commercial & construction, and protective garments etc.

  13. Intarsia Knit Fabric

    Intarsia-KnitKnitted Fabric
    Intarsia is patterned single knit fabric. It is made of knitting multi-coloured yarns. The fabric has the same course knitted in different colors with different yarns. It has colored designs as blocks distributed in different color backgrounds. The patterns look identical on both the face and backside of the fabric. There are no floats found on the backside of the fabric. It is typically used to make shirts, blouses, and sweaters.

  14. Interlock Stitch Knit Fabric

    interlocking-knitKnitted Fabric
    Interlock stitch Knits are variations of rib stitch knits. The front and back of interlocks are the same. These fabrics are usually heavier and thicker than regular rib knit fabrics unless used with finer yarns. The interlocking of stitches prevents runs and produces apparel fabrics that do not ravel or curl at the edges.

  15. Jacquard Knit Fabric

    Jacquard-KnitKnitted Fabric
    Jacquard Jerseys are single jersey fabrics made of Circular Knitting machines using Jacquard mechanism. They are the simplest method of making patterned fabrics. They are produced with interesting patterns, which may have any of the following:

    • Combinations of stitches, or
    • Combinations of yarn types in terms of color textures etc.

    Jacquard fabrics have different colored loops made of different threads in the same course. Floats are an inherent feature of single jersey jacquards. They are widely used in the sweater industry.

  16. Kashmir Silk Fabric

    kashmiri-silkWoven Fabric
    Kashmir silk is a silk fabric produced in plain weave and is either embroidered or printed. The motifs used are characteristic of Kashmir. It is used for shirts, women’s wear and sarees. Kashmir shawls are woven in twill weave and are usually embroidered with traditional Kashmiri embroidery.

  17. Khadi Fabric

    Khadi FabricWoven Fabric
    Khadi is a term used for a wide variety of fabrics that are hand spun and hand woven. They are produced in mainly one cotton fibre, blends of two or more fibres. They are known for durability and simplicity. The fabrics can be suitings dhoties overalls and household textiles.

  18. Khaki Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Khaki is a lightweight, soft twill fabric often used for home decoration, jackets, skirts, and dresses. The light brown with a yellowish tinge, the Khaki fabric is often used for police and military uniforms and made with cotton, wool, or its blends.

  19. Lame Fabric

    Woven Fabric  Knitted Fabric
    Lame is woven or knit Fabrics with thin ribbons of metallic fibers drapped around the primary yarn, usually with gold or silver metalic colored fibers, but copper colors are not rare either. The Lame fabrics are used often on party wears, or as costumes for theatrical and dance costumes.

  20. Laminated Fabric

    Laminated FabricSpecialty Fabric
    Sometimes the apparels, bags, beds are needed to be protected from the dust and other outer particles. This can be carried out through the laminated fabric, used to laminate all kind of clothing, sheets, covers, handbags and many more. Laminated fabric safeguards the core thing from any kind of external particles that hampers the quality and the glaze.

    Lamination is carried us by the covering the material with the protective film on all the sides. That does not let water to pass through, making the material completely safe. However, it is not completely airtight as moisture is allowed to let in the for the long life of the fabrics.

    Laminated fabric adds the durability and sustains the quality. In the recent developments, laminated fabric designs and shapes have been transformed with the undue assistance of the modern tools and techniques. Also, people have shown a great deal of zeal in the laminate fabrics because of it.

  21. Lawn Fabric

    Woven Fabric
    Lawn Fabrics are popularly known as “handkerchief linen” are plain weave cloths originally used to made with flax/linen now are mostly made with cotton. Lawn is characterized with a fine, high-thread-count yarns, which results in a silky, untextured feel.

  22. Leno Fabric

    Leno FabricWoven Fabric
    A fabric in which an open effect is created by causing certain thread ends or doup threads to cross over. Two threads or ends act as one thread; when a weft thread passes between them, the doup ends twist catching the weft and holding it tightly in place. Very fancy and beautiful clothes can be produced by combining the cross weaving, with other weave structures.

  23. Linsey-Woolsey Fabric

    linsey-woolsey-fabricWoven Fabric
    As the name suggests Linsey-Woolsey Fabrics are twill or plain coarse and roughly woven fabrics made with a Linen warp and Woollen weft.

  24. Madras Fabric

    Madras FabricWoven Fabric
    Madras Fabrics are lightweight cotton fabrics with generally patterned texture and plaid design, used primarily for summer clothing such as pants, shorts, dresses. Madras plaid fabrics are comprised of high quality, light-weight 100% cotton plaid designs that are available in many colors and plaid patterns.

  25. Madras Muslin Net Fabric

    Madras Muslin Net FabricWoven Fabric
    Madras net is used mainly for furnishing such as curtaining. The cloth is an open gauze ground cloth where an extra weft is inserted to produce a motif, this is then woven into the ground cloth. Where there is a surplus floating weft yarn this is then cut away after weaving revealing the motif, the edge of the sheared motif shows shorn ends of a weft yarn.

  26. Mousseline Fabric

    Mousseline FabricWoven Fabric
    A term used to denote very fine clear fabrics, finer than muslins. Made of silk, wool or cotton, the weave structure is either (plain) tabby or two and one twill. In the 18th century, the British term referred to a fine cloth with a cotton warp and a worsted weft. In France, from the late 18th century onwards mousseline-delaines were made of very fine wool which was printed in beautiful designs. This fabric proved very popular for fashionable as dress and shawl fabrics. The mousseline cloth is so fine and transparent it is often found backed with another cloth of either a satin or taffeta silk.

  27. Muslin Fabric

    Muslin FabricWoven Fabric
    Muslin is a lightweight open cloth of plain weave. It may be used as grey or bleached and dyed. It is used as household textiles and dress materials. The name is derived from the city of Mosul where the fabric was first made.

    It is a very light and open tabby (plain) weave fabric used for summer dresses and utility use. At first, the cloth was not always plain but could also have silk and gold thread woven into it. As the ability to spin yarns of greater fineness developed cotton was used more readily than silk. In this muslin, the motif weaves in and out of the cloth, as if it has been embroidered. In the Madras net, the motif is predominately woven on the surface.

  28. Narrow Fabric

    Narrow FabricSpecialty Fabric
    Fabrics are something that we daily come across. With the clothing to the seats, the fabrics are an integral part of the lives. There are several sorts of fabrics like synthetic fabrics, natural fabrics and many more depending on their designs and usability. The narrow fabric is also the most commonly utilized fabrics in our daily lives.

    Narrow fabrics are the thicker version of the fabrics as its strands are thicker and stronger. That is why; narrow strands are used in the things that are used for heavy duties. The narrow fabric is availed in mainly in the following forms:

    • Laces: laces are used in shoes and many other tying purposes. Narrow fabrics in the laces make it strong and easy to grip on. In recent times, there has been a revolution in the designs and shapes of the laces composed of narrow fabric. Now, laces, like ropes are commonly used in the daily appliances.
    • Tapes: narrow fabrics are used to make the tapes. These tapes are great in appearance and stiff in the quality. These tapes are used for wrapping, decorating and many other purposes.

    In the modern times, the usability of the narrow fabric has grown as it is light and has a splendid durability. That is why; narrow fabrics are hugely demanded in the global marketplace.

  29. Organdy Fabric

    Organdy FabricWoven Fabric
    Organdy is the sheerest and stiff cotton fabric made with fine spun combed yarns. The fabric is characterized by stiffness and crispness. The fabric is crisped, made transparent by applying a special process known as Parchmentzing. Most stiff varieties are used in home furnishing fabrics like curtains and softer Organdy varieties are used for summer wear like blouses, saris etc.

  30. Organza Fabric

    silk organza
    Auckland Museum [ CC BY 4.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons
    Woven Fabric
    Organza basically refers to a thin, plain weave, and a sheer fabric which is made out of continuous filament of silk yarns. Today, many Organzas are woven with synthetic filament fibers like nylon and polyester but most of the stylish organzas are woven in silk. The most popular item made of organza fabric are bags. Various designs and shapes of organza fabric bags are attracting people towards them. Adding a nice touch of sophistication and uniqueness Organza fabric is the choice of millions.

image_print
Pages ( 2 of 3 ): « Previous1 2 3Next »
48 Comments
  1. Jay says

    I am starting out my own T-Shirt brand and would like to know what is best fabric one can use for T-Shirts as quality is a priority?

    1. Ed says

      Do you know what kind of fibre you want to use for your t-shirt?

      Natural fibre(Cotton)?
      Synthetic fibre(polyester)?
      Blend of natural and synthetic fibre?

      T-shirt is relatively straight forward

  2. CTNBEE says

    Choosing the right fabrics is an important thing, and at the same time quite difficult when we choose the fabric for the first time. A very nice guide. Certainly many people will benefit from your advice.

  3. Aidan says

    Can you please list the fabrics denim, chiffon, organza, velvet, and taffeta from most flexible to least flexible.

  4. RiseTextile says

    Very helpful Post.keep going good with it. as a part of textile industry it will useful for promoting Digital Fabric Printing
    services.

  5. Textile Teacher says

    For a ‘School of Textiles’, some of the information outlined in this article is inaccurate & would be very confusing for students. Here are just a few of the questionable items. * Students need to know that there is a difference between FIBRES (Australian spelling) and FABRICS. These two terms are not synonymous. Fibres are the building blocks of all fabrics & classified into 3 groups (natural – eg: cotton, wool, silk, linen, jute, hemp etc) man-made or synthetic (eg:nylon, polyester, acrylic, rayon, acetate etc) and mineral (eg asbestos & fibreglass). Fibres most often have to be SPUN together in yarns before they can be made into fabrics. Woollen fibres are an exception. Wool fibres can be matted or felted together to form fabrics (eg: like felts used for the walls of yurts). Fabrics result from the combining of the fibres. Fabrics are made through either weaving, knitting, matting fibres together. There are many other construction methods used for making industrial use fabrics. Nowhere is this clarification between fibres & fabrics made. ** No disadvantages are given of the fabrics mentioned. For example, fabrics made of cotton are very flammable, even more so when woven fabrics made of cotton are brushed (eg: flannelette) of are flowing in design. That is why in Australia there is very strict labelling of childrens’ nightwear so people are aware of the dangers of this type of fibre/fabric combination. Linen is expensive & wrinkles badly (needs ironing). Wool is not really very strong as this article states – in fact it is the weakest of the natural fibres. You would never find mens suits made out of 100% wool as the woollen fibre is not strong enough. There would be bagging and sagging at the seat, knees & elbows of the garment. *** The bit about ‘grey fabric’… wow in all of my years as a textile teacher, I’ve never heard of it, seen it or seen any reference to it. I think this bit on ‘grey fabric’ is a furphy! Sounds like a student trying to fluff their way through an exam question… lots of words but no substance! **** Satin is a type of woven fabric that has ‘floating’ warp yarns. It is this type of woven construction that gives satin fabric lustre & not just the type of fibre used.***** Stretch fabrics can result from a) using a knitted fabric construction eg socks b) using fabric draped on the bias (using the 45 degree angle of the warp & weft yarns c) introducing an elastomeric yarn into the fabric construction eg 5% elastomeric yarns to denim weave for stretch jeans. ***** calling polyester a fabric is confusing for your students. Polyester is a fibre. It can then be woven or knitted to make a polyester fabric.**** I agree with the John, the term nylon did not come about as stated in this article. As this written piece is on your site titled “Textile School” it needs to be more accurate & less confusing to your students. This article needs to be proof-read by a teacher of textiles & corrected. References would also give it more credibility.

  6. Aashi Verma says

    helpful information on different types of fabric… http://globetextiles.net/portfolio/cotton-dyed/

  7. Kashiram Rote says

    What is minium and maximum percentage is avalable in the automotive polyester greige fabric

  8. Kashiram Rote says

    How oil comes in automotive polyester greige fabric

  9. Kashiram Rote says

    How to determine percentage of oil content from automotive polyester greige fabric

  10. bean head says

    anybody ever gave tide pods a try give me a rate 1-10 i am thinking about giving them a go they just look so good:)

  11. yuvraj says

    sorry i had to go to sleep cottin fabric is used for jackets,bedsheets.

  12. yuvraj says

    ok but add detail what fabric you use for example;cottin fabric

  13. Ona Alert says

    Very useful.

  14. mouayed says

    This helped me a lot at my school project. Thank you who ever posted this i love textile . Thank you so much for helping me out

  15. Ishita Yadav says

    This was very useful. Thankyou.
    Also, I needed a brief on PST fabric, which I have commonly heard of being used as a substitute of Chanderi by Indian retailers. Would be very helpful. 🙂

  16. Hls Bhr says

    Thank you very much, for the information about fabric types..
    So good

  17. Dr Anoop Biswas says

    Uses of synthetic fabric?

  18. haranixie says

    Who is the author of this article and when is the date published??

  19. John Heins says

    OK…BUT As I mentioned to the webmaster, the name Nylon most certainly does not come from a combining of the the New York/London (NY-LON) names. Dupont, the inventors and patent holders for Nylon state that the name is as synthetic as the fiber. They took the random syllable Nyl and combined it with the “on” (as in Ray”on” or Cott”on”) to make it sound fabric-like. Although the idea that it is New York and London combined is interesting, it makes no sense since Dupont is based in Delaware and really has no major ties to either of those cities…so why randomly name it after both? Why not Bogata and Tokyo for that matter? (Botok?) Another case of “saw it on the web so it must be true” uncovered as false.

    1. Arpit Sanghavi says

      Hmmm. You have a point. So, today I unlearned something. Thanks.

  20. emptiness says

    This list is important & helpful to us ——
    thanks —!!

  21. Ellisse says

    So helpful for my textiles research XD
    We have to research how useful each fabric would be

  22. kamshom says

    Awesome. …its too helpful.

  23. Dilki Desilva says

    Thank you soooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much. Without this, I could have failed

  24. Textile Apex says

    There may be different types of Fabrics. To be a fabric technologist, it is important to know about the fabrics. This article will help us to know about the fabric derivatives. Thanks.
    Textile Apex – A blog site on Textile and Apparel

    1. krhea says

      I only hope that you can tell the difference between a fiber and a fabric!

  25. david says

    ya thank u very much.it’s very use full for me.thanks a lot,,,,.

  26. Ali from Malaysia says

    verry usefull article, thank you very much.

  27. annie jane says

    This list is super!!! Thank you. I have a question. I am making a pincushion specifically for the regular session to session sharpening of needle nose tweezers while I work applying eyelash extensions. The pincushion will be filled with emery, a finely ground metal used for sharpening needles, pins and tools. As for the fabric cover, I need it to be durable and mainly lint free. But have enough texture and body to it, a little grit to it even, so that when I pass my tweezers through it into the emery, the small bits of eyelash glue (similar to superglue in strength but flakier in texture and strength), can slough off onto fabric and off of my tweezers. Please any help with this question would be greatly appreciated!

    ….thinking heavy cotton canvas, wool, a jute weave, or a poly/wool blend…

  28. LFRY says

    Are all these materials easy to find?

  29. CA Pawan Kr Agrawal, Kolkata. says

    Interlining is a very important in apparel manufacturing. Interlining is one kind of accessories that is used
    between the two layers of fabric in a garment. To keep the different component or part of apparel in a desired shape, a kind of fabric is used between the two ply of fabric by sewing or fusing is called interlining. Generally, interlinings are soft, thick, and flexible. Interlining is generally used in collar, cuffs, waist band, front facing of coat, outerwear plackets, jackets, blazers etc.
    Fusible Interlining:
    It is most used interlining. The interlining which is used between two layers of fabrics by applying heat and
    pressure for a certain time is called Fusible Interlining. Fusible interlining is used for all kinds of apparel. Also it is used in “Ready to wear” and “Bespoke garment”. It is very popular.

    My question is whether character of textile fabrics is retained or lost after applying HDPE or LDPE by heat process on one side of cotton fabrics?

  30. Palash Ahmed says

    This is a very powerful article. Almost all types of fabrics are described here. It will be very helpful for those who are learning or working in textile sector. Thank a lot for this wonderful article. I think visitors will get some significant information visiting through the link given below.
    http://www.pigft.blogspot.com

  31. Palash Ahmed says

    This is a very powerful article. Almost all types of fabrics are described here. It will be very helpful for those who are learning or working in textile sector. Thank a lot for this wonderful article. I think visitors will get some significant information visiting through the link given below.
    http://www.pigft.blogspot.com

  32. prem says

    what is nazneen fabric?

    1. skn says

      May be a commercial name for certain fabric.

  33. ANGIE says

    WHAT IS GOLDWIER? PLEASE HELP

  34. Isabeaumonde says

    I’m sad to see some serious inaccuracies here. The biggest is the listing of Rayon as a synthetic. It is an organic material processed as a synthetic, which does not change it’s organic properties. Chiffon, organza….both historically silk.

  35. Anonymous says

    This could just be my beginner stupidity showing, but where does tulle stand in all this?

  36. Công Thành says

    so good

  37. Ollie O' says

    Is there a sort of fabric that’s feels like paper but is wearable?

    1. krt says

      Paper is a man made cellulose material similar to Rayon fabric. Methods of manufacturing and applications are different and can not replace each other though both are made from same source of raw material i.e. wood pulp. Fabric needs air permeability, flexibility and durability that can not be achieved in paper form. However non-woven Rayon fabric is similar to paper.

      Fabric can also make like paper by applying paper finish on it where both objectives can be met if required.

  38. Dagmar Kugler says

    Can you tell me if Ramie is washable? I have a hand me down Spring Jacket made of Polyester and Rani (misspelled on item?, unless this is a mystery fabric). It smells old and stored, but looks brand new. Love the site btw., very informative.

    1. krt says

      Yes, Ramie is washable. Ramie is natural cellulose fiber.

      1. Dagmar Kugler says

        Thanks so much, appreciate your help.

  39. phearon says

    soooo good !

  40. k says

    I did a science fair experiment and report on textiles and the website really helped me. Thanks!

    1. KS Nair says

      Glad to know that the site helped you.
      Webmaster.

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. AcceptRead More