A Repository of Textile Articles

Definite qualities required for a fiber

Each fiber types having its unique properties decide the usage of a particular type of fiber for a specific use.For example, Nylon is a synthetic fiber, known for its strength, elasticity, toughness, and resistance to abrasion has commercial applications including clothing and carpeting.Cotton fiber consists of a single long tubular cell. Its length is about 1200-1500 times than its breadth, used for making clothes. It has a wide variety of use in Apparel industry.

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Each fiber types having its unique properties decide the usage of a particular type of fiber for a specific use.For example, Nylon is a synthetic fiber, known for its strength, elasticity, toughness, and resistance to abrasion has commercial applications including clothing and carpeting.Cotton fiber consists of a single long tubular cell. Its length is about 1200-1500 times than its breadth, used for making clothes. It has a wide variety of use in Apparel industry.

Key Properties Determined by Polymer Composition and Structure

  • Composition And Structure
  • Melting Point
  • Modulus
  • Elasticity and recovery from strain
  • Tensile strength
  • Density
  • Moisture absorption
  • Dye-ability
  • comfort

General Properties of Textile Fibers

AestheticsDurabilityComfortSafety
Properties relating to visual effects as well as those perceived by touchProperties relating to resistance to wear and destruction in useProperties relating to physical comfortProperties relating to danger or risk of injury
  • Flexibility
  • Hand
  • Luster
  • Pilling
  • Resiliency
  • Specific gravity
  • Thermoplasticity
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Chemical effects
  • Environmental conditions
  • Strength
  • Absorbency
  • Cover
  • Elasticity
  • Wicking
  • Flammability

Specific Characteristics of Textile Fibers

specific GravityTenacity (gpd)Tenacity (wet)(gpd)Moisture Regain (%)Elongation (%)Softening Melting Point (F)
Cotton1.5-1.553.0-4.93.3-6.47-83-7None
Acetate1.321.3-1.51.2-1.4623-24(s)400-445F(m)500F
Acrylic1.16-1.182.0-3.61.6-2.91.5 -2.535-39(sM20’F
Glass2.50-2.559.6-19.96.7-19.9NONE3.1-5.3(s)135O-156OF
Polyester1.382.2 -6.62.2 -6.60.4-0.812-67(s)445’F (m)482’F
R.LIYOI1, HT1.50-1.533.0-5.71.9-4.3139-26DNM 350400°F Decomposes
Wool1.3 11 -1.51630-40DNM 310-350’F Decomposes
Silk1.253-51125DNM 350-450F

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