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Definite qualities required for a fiber

Each fiber types having its unique properties decide the usage of a particular type of fiber for a specific use.For example, Nylon is a synthetic fiber, known for its strength, elasticity, toughness, and resistance to abrasion has commercial applications including clothing and carpeting.Cotton fiber consists of a single long tubular cell. Its length is about 1200-1500 times than its breadth, used for making clothes. It has a wide variety of use in Apparel industry.

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Each fiber types having its unique properties decide the usage of a particular type of fiber for a specific use.For example, Nylon is a synthetic fiber, known for its strength, elasticity, toughness, and resistance to abrasion has commercial applications including clothing and carpeting.Cotton fiber consists of a single long tubular cell. Its length is about 1200-1500 times than its breadth, used for making clothes. It has a wide variety of use in Apparel industry.

Key Properties Determined by Polymer Composition and Structure

  • Composition And Structure
  • Melting Point
  • Modulus
  • Elasticity and recovery from strain
  • Tensile strength
  • Density
  • Moisture absorption
  • Dye-ability
  • comfort

General Properties of Textile Fibers

Aesthetics Durability Comfort Safety
Properties relating to visual effects as well as those perceived by touch Properties relating to resistance to wear and destruction in use Properties relating to physical comfort Properties relating to danger or risk of injury
  • Flexibility
  • Hand
  • Luster
  • Pilling
  • Resiliency
  • Specific gravity
  • Thermoplasticity
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Chemical effects
  • Environmental conditions
  • Strength
  • Absorbency
  • Cover
  • Elasticity
  • Wicking
  • Flammability

Specific Characteristics of Textile Fibers

specific Gravity Tenacity (gpd) Tenacity (wet)(gpd) Moisture Regain (%) Elongation (%) Softening Melting Point (F)
Cotton 1.5-1.55 3.0-4.9 3.3-6.4 7-8 3-7 None
Acetate 1.32 1.3-1.5 1.2-1.4 6 23-24 (s)400-445F(m)500F
Acrylic 1.16-1.18 2.0-3.6 1.6-2.9 1.5 -2.5 35-39 (sM20’F
Glass 2.50-2.55 9.6-19.9 6.7-19.9 NONE 3.1-5.3 (s)135O-156OF
Polyester 1.38 2.2 -6.6 2.2 -6.6 0.4-0.8 12-67 (s)445’F (m)482’F
R.LIYOI1, HT 1.50-1.53 3.0-5.7 1.9-4.3 13 9-26 DNM 350400°F Decomposes
Wool 1.3 1 1 -1.5 16 30-40 DNM 310-350’F Decomposes
Silk 1.25 3-5 11 25 DNM 350-450F
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