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Vinyl Tarpaulin (Technical Fabric) Part – 1

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Introduction

Technical textiles are a fast-growing sub-segment that finds its usage in an array of sectors. The end use application of technical textiles is widespread and seen in industries such as agriculture, construction, sports apparel, healthcare etc. Technical textile accounts for approximately 13% of India’s total textile and apparel market and contributes to India’s GDP at 0.7%.

There is a huge potential to fulfil a large demand gap as the consumption of technical textiles in India is still only at 5-10% against 30-70% in some of the advanced countries. Hence, garnering direct attention from prime minister Narendra Modi and his Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), a National Technical Textiles Mission has been set up that aims at an average growth rate of 15-20% to increase the domestic market size of technical textiles to $ 40-50 Bn by the year 2024; through market development, market promotion, international technical collaborations, investment promotions and make in India initiative.

Technical textiles are engineered products with a definite functionality. They are manufactured using natural as well as man-made fibres such as Nomex, Kevlar, Spandex, Twaron that exhibit enhanced functional properties such as higher tenacity, excellent insulation, improved thermal resistance etc. These products find end-use application across multiple non-conventional textile industries such as healthcare, construction, automobile, aerospace, sports, defense, agriculture. Taking cognisance of technological advancements, countries are aligning their industries to accommodate technical textiles. This shift is evident in India’s textile sector as well, moving from traditional textiles to technical textiles.

On the basis of types, the global tarpaulin market can be divided into polytarpaulin, mesh tarpaulin, canvas tarpaulin, and vinyl tarpaulin.

Definition of tarpaulin–heavy-duty waterproof cloth, originally of tarred canvas.

This is a large fabric sheet of super heavy duty and reinforced, tightly woven with high fabric cover factor, flexible hard wearing, breathable water resistant or water proof, fire retardant coated material uses as protective covering against moisture.

About this product

  • TIGHTLY WOVEN FABRIC: Durable and lightweight tarp is made from high-density, tightly woven, made-to-last polyethylene fibers and woven into fabric which is then laminated brown on both sides. These designed to last tarps have a 16-mil thickness, 8 oz. per square yard, and a 16 x 16 weave count. We have used high strength yarn to provide EXTRA UV PROTECTION against harmful sunrays and fading
  • SUPER HEAVY DUTY & EXTRA REINFORCED: This tarp is extra reinforced for greater durability and superior strength. The corners and edges are reinforced by hemming the edges with poly twine rope/ border piping which makes it tear resistant. All seams and hems are heat sealed. These four season polytarps are designed to provide all-weather ultimate protection from wind, rain, sunlight, UV rays and can withstand any weather condition
  • MULTI-FUNCTIONAL FEATURES: We use rustproof brass grommets spaced every 18 inches or 1.5 feet apart, all around and at each corner allowing the tarps to be tied down easily and secured in a robust manner no matter how big a size. We have used plastic capped bar on all corners with additional rivets to make it extra sturdy. Extra reinforced corners will reduce wear on tarp, prevent grommet pull-out due to high winds or extreme strapping conditions and extend the life of your tarp
  • MULTIPLE SIZES: Our tarps come in several sizes ranging from 8×10 10×10 10×12 12×12 12×16 12×20 12×25 and get as large as 20×30 20×40 30×40 30×50 40×50. These polytarps are waterproof, rip/tear resistant, shrink proof and UV resistant. These are four-season heavy-duty tarps for everyday use as it provides protection against heavy rain and UV rays or wherever you need to keep valuables covered, can withstand the elements outdoors

Types

Poly tarpaulins are lightweight, moisture-resistant, and relatively inexpensive. They consist of cross-woven strands of polypropylene, or another polyolefin plastic. Products with more cross-weaves per square inch provide greater strength and durability.

Canvas tarpaulins are made of closely-woven hemp, flax, or cotton cloth. They are heavy products but are sturdier and provide better wind resistance

Poly tarpaulins are lightweight, moisture-resistant, and relatively inexpensive. They consist of cross-woven strands of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene, or another polyolefin plastic. Products with more cross-weaves per square inch provide greater strength and durability.

Canvas tarpaulins are made of closely-woven hemp, flax, or cotton cloth. They are heavier than polyethylene products, but are sturdier and provide better wind resistance.

Vinyl tarpaulins are made of vinyl-coated polyester and are often coated with flame-retardant polyvinyl chloride (PVC). They are a more heavy-duty tarp than polyethylene, used where more reliable protection is needed. They tend to be waterproof, highly abrasion resistant, and resistant to corrosion or contamination by oil, acid, grease, and mildew.

Mesh tarpaulins are generally made with polyethylene, vinyl, or canvas material threaded and woven to a screen-like pattern. These tarps allow for the partial passage of wind and light, making them suitable for enclosures, site barriers, awnings, golf greens coverings and construction sites.

  • 9 oz. per sq. yd. – 11 mil thickness
  • 3-ply vinyl, 100% waterproof, UV protected, Anti-mildew, Tear-resistant
  • Black on one side, white on the other, both sides are UV protected
  • Does not come with grommets or pipe sleeves/channels
  • Not certified/recommended for use with fish ponds

The Top 5 Best Tarps Out There

  • Extreme Duty 40 oz Vinyl Tarp. This vinyl tarp is by far one of the best out there
  • Breathable Waterproof Canvas Tarp. Get the best of all worlds with these breathable waterproof canvas tarps
  • Truck & Field Tarps
  • 86% Mesh Shade Tarp
  • Super Heavy-Duty Fire-Retardant Poly Tarps

Applications

  • Tarpaulins are used in a variety of applications and industries. These tarps are used to cover/shelter boats, truck, cars, motor vehicles, industrial or farm equipment, outdoor patio furniture, barbecue grills, backyard pool, wood piles, campers for ultimate protection. They can also be used as an emergency roof patch material or building material for homeowners, construction workers/sites. They can be used as a drop cloth while painting or polishing. Can be used outdoors for camping, hunting, turn it into a canopy or a tent fly.
  • Others serve as snow fences or tent canopies. They are also used in construction projects to cover bridges, buildings, and water towers.  For landscaping and lawn maintenance, tarps can be used to transport leaves or other yard wastes across a yard.
  • Tarpaulins are used in many ways to protect persons and things from wind, rain, and sunlight. They are used during construction or after disasters to protect partially built or damaged structures, to prevent mess during painting and similar activities, and to contain and collect debris. They are used to protect the loads of open trucks and wagons, to keep wood piles dry, and for shelters such as tents or other temporary structures.
  • Tarpaulins are also used for advertisement printing, most notably for billboards. Perforated tarpaulins are typically used for medium to large advertising, or for protection on scaffoldings; the aim of the perforations (from 20% to 70%) is to reduce wind vulnerability.
  • Polyethylene tarpaulins have also proven to be a popular source when an inexpensive, water-resistant fabric is needed. Many amateur builders of plywood sailboats turn to polyethylene tarpaulins for making their sails, as it is inexpensive and easily worked. With the proper type of adhesive tape, it is possible to make a serviceable sail for a small boat with no sewing.
  • Plastic tarps are sometimes used as a building material in communities of indigenous North Americans.
  • Classifications–Tarpaulins can be classified based on a diversity of factors, such as material type (polyethylene, canvas, vinyl, etc.), thickness, which is generally measured in mills or generalized into categories (such as “regular duty”, “heavy duty”, “super heavy duty”, etc.), and grommet strength (simple vs. reinforced), among others.
  • Actual tarp sizes are generally about three to five percent smaller in each dimension than nominal size;]for example, a tarp nominally 20 ft × 20 ft (6.1 m × 6.1 m) will actually measure about 19 ft × 19 ft (5.8 m × 5.8 m). Grommets may be aluminum, stainless steel, or other materials. Grommet-to-grommet distances are typically between 18 in (460 mm) and 5 ft (1.5 m).
  • Truck/Trailer Cover, Container Cover, Roof cover ,Tents, Membrane, Awnings, Pallet Cover, Fish Tank,
  • Inflatable Items, Medical Mattress, Bags, Construction, Swimming Pool, etc.

Selection Criteria

Selecting tarpaulins requires an analysis of specifications important to the application. Properties include water-resistance, strength, corrosion resistance, abrasion resistance, and various features.

Water-resistance is important for tarpaulins that must provide protection from rain and moisture. Different tarps provide varying levels of protection, from little resistance to completely waterproof.

Strength is a tarpaulin’s ability to hold together when subject to forces. A tarp’s strength changes based on material and the weaving design. Strength includes wind resistance, or a tarp’s ability to resist tearing or breakage from high winds.

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Corrosion resistance determines how well a tarpaulin resists corrosion from UV light and foreign materials such as oils, acids, greases, and mildew. Special coatings can be applied to tarps to provide resistance to different types of degradation.

Abrasion resistance is a tarpaulin’s resistance to tearing and splitting due to points and sharp edges. Canvas and vinyl tend to be more abrasive resistant than polyethylene materials.

Features include grommets, rope construction, special coatings, and accessories. Grommets are plastic or metal eyelets in tarpaulins used to help secure tie-downs. Ropes are often sewn and sealed to tarpaulin borders to provide strength and enhanced tear resistance. Coatings include flame-retardants and corrosion resistant materials that provide different types of protection. Some suppliers provide accessories along with the tarp including replacement grommets, anti-mildew treatments, tarp tie-downs, and ropes.

When purchasing a tarp, size and area requirements should be understood to provide necessary coverage for the application.

CCS’s line of Vinyl Tarps are waterproof. As an industrial strength tarpVinyl Tarps are flame retardant, tear, rip & mildew resistant. They also resist oil, acid, and grease. Vinyl Tarps are made to resist harsh environments.

laminated and coated PVC tarpaulin, for its good flexibility, excellent tensile strength and tear strength, UNISIGN™ PVC tarpaulin is easily to sustain long time for good performance.

What is the strongest tarp material?

Vinyl tarps are poly tarps that have been coated, laminated, or tempered with vinyl. As they’re designed for industrial use, they are strong and resist tearing. Expect these tarps to last several years in severe conditions like heat, heavy rain or snow, or cold temperatures.

What is better vinyl or canvas?

Canvas is known as a more rugged and natural material, so it has a coarse texture and matte appearance. On the other hand, the surface of vinyl is slightly glossy, so it has a bit of shine. Vinyl has a rubber-like texture, making it much smoother than canvas.

Product descriptions/Technical details

Tarpaulin Fabric: 280g-800g/sqm, PVC tarpaulin, 200D*300D,250D,500D(18*17) 1000D(20*20), truck cover, awning, tent, etc.

Product Description

  • Material: 100% Polyester yarn with PVC Coating
  • Weight: 400gsm ~ 1500gsm or Customizable
  • Width: 1m ~ 3.2m or Customizable
  • Thickness: 0.25mm~1.5mm or Customizable
  • Finishing: Glossy, semi glossy, matte, semi matte
  • Density: 9*9, 14*14, 20*20, 30*30, etc.
  • Yarn: 1000D*1000D
  • Special requirement: 100% Waterproof, Flame Resistant, Anti-UV, Anti-Mildew, Anti-Static, Anti-scratch, Anti-cold, Anti-wind.
  • Tarpaulin Fabric: 280g-800g/sqm, PVC tarpaulin, 200D*300D,250D,500D(18*17) 1000D(20*20), truck cover, awning, tent, etc.

We are pleased to present our self as manufacturer and exporter of PVC Waterproof Tarpaulin Fabric in 100% polyester material. The weight of the. Tarpaulin Fabric : 340-900 GSM, 100% Polyester, 100% Polyester, For tent, bags etc.

Type Description Base Fabric Weight (g/sqm) Width (m)
UKT1133/900 Knife coated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,30*30/sq.in 900 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2
UKT1133/1050 Knife coated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,30*30/sq.in 1050 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2
UKT133032/1100 Knife coated Tarpaulin 1000*1300D,30*32/sq.in 1100 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2
UKT153032/1200 Knife coated Tarpaulin 1500*1500D,30*32/sq.in 1200 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2
UCT1122/610 Coated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,20*20/sq.in 610 (18oz) 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5
UCT1122/650 Coated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,20*20/sq.in 650 (19oz) 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5
UCT1122/750 Coated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,20*20/sq.in 750 (22oz) 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5
UCT2826/1050 Coated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,28*26/sq.in 1050 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2
ULT55817/450 Laminated Tarpaulin 500*500D,18*17/sq.in 450 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5
ULT35/500 Laminated Tarpaulin 300*500D,18*12/sq.in 500 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5
ULT8484/550 Laminated Tarpaulin 840*840D,9*9/sq.in 550 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5
ULT1199/600 Laminated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,9*9/sq.in 600 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5
ULT1618/680 Laminated Tarpaulin 1000*1000D,18*16/sq.in 600 1.6/2.5/2.8/3/3.2/5

 

Thickness 0.52mm 0.55mm 0.60mm 0.72mm DIN 53370
Weight 650g/m2

19.2OZ/yd2

680g/m2

20OZ/yd2

750g/m2

22OZ/yd2

900g/m2

26.5OZ/yd2

DIN EN ISO02286-2

ASTM D751-10

Tensile strength 2500/2300(N/5cm) 3000/3000(N/5cm) 3000/2700(N/5cm) 4500/4000(N/5cm) DIN 53354
Tear strength 250/250(N) 300/300(N) 300/300(N) 600/530(N) DIN 53363
Peel strength 100(N/5cm) 100(N/5cm) 110(N/5cm) 120(N/5cm) DIN 53357
Base fabric 100%PES

1100dtex

100%PES

1100dtex

100%PES

1100dtex

100%PES

1100dtex

DIN 6001

DIN EN ISO2076

Weave type Plain Weave

L 1/1

Plain Weave

L 1/1

Plain Weave

L 1/1

Plain Weave

P 2/2

DIN EN ISO61101
Coating tech hot melt hot melt Knife-over-roll Knife-over-roll N/A
Coating PVC PVC PVC PVC N/A
Lacquer Acrylic

Single side

Acrylic

Single side

Acrylic

Printable Single side

Acrylic

Printable double side

Acrylic

Double sided

Flame behavior B1
M2
BS 7873
California T19
SIS 650082
CL2
B1
M2
BS 7873
California T19
SIS 650082
CL2
B1
M2
BS 7873
California T19
SIS 650082
CL2
B1
M2
BS 7873
California T19
SIS 650082
CL2
DIN 4102
NFP 92507
BS 7837
Califonia T19
SIS 650082
UNI 9177
Color fastness >5 >6 >6 >6 DIN 54004

DIN ISO 105 B02

Crack resistant no crack no crack no crack no crack DIN 53359A

<10000 X

Temperature -30 °C/ +70 °C
-22F /+158F
-30 °C/ +70 °C
-22F /+158F
-30 °C/ +70 °C
-22F /+158F
-30 °C/ +70 °C
-22F /+158F
EN 1876-1
ASTM D2136
Width 2.50m 2.50/3.00m 3.00m 3.00m DIN EN ISO2286-1
Usage Side curtain Side curtain Side curtain Side curtain N/A

Attention: The technical data given in the material data sheets are based on latest knowledge.

Standard size of a tarpaulin

SIZE (METRES) SIZE (FEET) PRODUCT CODE AND DESCRIPTION
1.8 x 2.4 6 x 8 FRT1 – Flame Retardant White Tarpaulin
1.8 x 2.4 6 x 8 CANT1 – Tan Canvas Tarpaulin
1.8 x 2.4 6 x 8 CANHD3 – Heavy Duty Green Canvas Tarpaulin
1.8 x 3 6 x 10 CANPCFR3 – Flame Retardant Poly Cotton 14oz Tarpaulin
Material Vinyl
Size 16 Feet x 20 Feet
Color Black/White
Brand Billboard Tarps
Item Weight 20 Pounds
Water Resistance Level Waterproof

U.S. color scheme

For years manufacturers have used a color code to indicate the grade of tarpaulins, but not all manufacturers follow this traditional method of grading. Following this color-coded system, blue indicates a lightweight tarp, and typically has a weave count of 8×8 and a thickness of 0.005–0.006 in (0.13–0.15 mm). Silver is a heavy-duty tarp and typically has a weave count of 14×14 and a thickness of 0.011–0.012 in (0.28–0.30 mm).[7]

Some of the more common colors in that scheme are:

Name Approx. thickness
Blue light-duty tarp 0.005–0.006 in (0.13–0.15 mm)
Yellow or orange medium-duty tarp 0.007–0.008 in (0.18–0.20 mm)
Green medium-duty tarp 0.009–0.010 in (0.23–0.25 mm)
Silver heavy-duty tarp 0.011–0.012 in (0.28–0.30 mm)
Brown super-heavy-duty tarp 0.016 in (0.41 mm)

 

I am working on its part-2 which will provide details on weaving and coating manufacturing methods.

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  1. […] Vinyl Tarpaulin – Part:1 […]

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