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All About Industrial Stitching and Sewing Machine

Types of stitching or sewing machines, stitch machine components such as needles, feed systems, sewing machine motors, type of stitches, stitching defects, and safety measures

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Industrial sewing machines are specialized machines that are designed to perform specialized tasks in high volumes. Various industrial sewing machines and their components and features are explained in this article.

Various Types of Needles Used for Sewing Different Fabrics

Select the type of needle based on the textile construction (i.e knit vs woven), and the needle size is determined by the thickness of the thread and the weight of the fabric used for sewing.

There is two needle sizing system: American and European. American Needle sizes range from 8 to 19, and European sizes range from 60 to 120. Larger the number, the larger the blade of the needle.

Commonly used needles and their uses as below:

Needle Fabric
Uses
Sizes Description
Ball-point Knits 70/10     –
100/16
This needle has a medium tip that is slightly more rounded than a universal needle and passes between the fabric threads instead of piercing them. Ball-point needles ensure more even stitches on coarse and heavy knits and won’t damage spandex, interlocks, and other knits that snag or run easily.
Sharp/ Microtex Finely woven fabrics 60/8 –
90/14
These needles feature a narrow shaft and sharper point to pierce the threads of woven fabrics. Use for stitching smooth, finely woven fabrics, such as silk, chintz, lightweight faux suede, and microfiber fabrics. Because these needles enable perfectly straight stitching, they’re also ideal for heirloom stitching, topstitching, pintucks, and edge stitching.
Universal Knits or woven 60/8 –
120/19
The point is very slightly rounded for use on knits but sharp enough to pierce woven fabrics. These needles are available in the widest size range. Use when stitching Synthetic or natural woven knits.
Denim/ Jeans Heavy wovens and denim 70/10 –
110/18
These needles have a thick, strong shaft and a very sharp point. They are used for stitching denim, canvas, duck, and other heavy, tightly woven fabrics. They are also ideal for stitching through multiple fabric
layers without breaking.

Different Categories of Stitches

Stitches can be divided into the following categories:

  • 100 Class Stitches
  • 200 Class Stitches
  • 300 Class Stitches
  • 400 Class Stitches
  • 500 Class Stitches
  • 600 Class Stitches

Single Thread Chain stitches Using One Needle Thread and One Blind Looper 

Diagram Stitch Class Thread count Typical Uses

100 Class Stitches

101 Class One Thread Basting, or light Construction
103 Class One Thread Blindstitch for Hemming
104 Class One Thread Saddle Stitch

200 Class Stitches

202 Class One Thread Basting, Tacking or Repairs
205 Class One Thread Pick Stitch- Topstitching

300 Class Stitches

301 Class Two Thread Seaming Multiple Plies
304 Class Two Thread Zig-Zag Stitch;

A Stretch Lockstitch

306 Class Two Thread Blind Stitch
315 Class Two Thread “Three Step Zig- Zag; stretch lockstitch with more Stretch

400 Class Stitches

Multi-Thread Chain Stitches Using One or More Needle Threads and One or More Looper Threads

401 Class Two Thread Seaming Multiple Plies with moderate stretch
406 Class Three Thread “Bottom Cover Stitch; a (greater) stretch Chainstitch

500 Class Stitches

Multi-Thread Over Edge Chain stitches Using Needle Thread(s) and Looper Thread(s)

504 Class Three Thread Overedge stitch for Serging and Light Seaming
512 Class Four Thread Mock Safety

Stitch   for

Seaming

with wide bite and Greater Stretch for Knits

514 Class Four Thread Overedge Stitch for Seaming

with wide bite and Greater Stretch for Knits

516 Class Five Thread True Safety Stitch for Seaming

with Good Stretch for Wovens and Knits

600 Class Stitches

Multi-Thread Cover stitches

602 Class Four Thread Cover Stitch or Seaming Knits
605 Class Five Thread Cover Stitch or Butt-Seams
607 Class Six Thread Wide Cover Stitch or Butt- Seams
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1 Comment
  1. Desmond Duah says

    You have said it all what I marveled about is the blind hem stitchine industrial machine in the Collage I went Vogue Style as twenty ten graduate
    school of fashion and designing by Joyce Aba Bio was thought by hand Heming and Blind stitches was one mean the hand stitching thanks a lot guys.

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