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Fabric Cutting in Garment Manufacturing

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Cutting is the process which cut out the pattern pieces from specified fabric for making garments.Using the markers made from graded patterns and in accordance with the issue plan, fabrics are cut to prepare garment assembly. This is the major operation of the cutting room, of all of the operations in the cutting room this is the most decisive because once the fabric has been cut, very little can be done to rectify serious mistakes.

Cutting fabrics

What is Fabric Cutting?

The first stage in the manufacturing of garments is the cutting and for that pattern, making is the base. Cutting is separating of the garment into its components and in a general form, it is the production process of separating (sectioning, curving, severing) a spread into garment parts that are the precise size and shape of the pattern pieces on a marker. The cutting process may also involve transferring marks and notches from the garment parts to assist operators in sewing, chopping or sectioning a spread into blocks of pieces goods many precede precision cutting of individual patter shapes.This is done to allow for accurate matching of fabric design or easier manufacturing of a cutting knife.

Once the marker is made, pattern pieces must be cut out of the specified fabric, a process called “cutting.” Currently, several cutting techniques exist, ranging from low- to high-tech. Although scissors are used very rarely-only when working with very small batches or sensitive fabrics-cutting continues to be done by hand, particularly in many lower volume establishments. Here, cutters guide electric cutting machines around the perimeter of pattern pieces, cutting through the fabric stack. An electric drill may be used to make pattern notches. The accuracy and efficiency of this system are considerably less than in computerized cutting systems.

Computerized cutting systems are achieving more widespread use as technology costs decrease and labor costs rise. These computer-driven automated cutters utilize vacuum technology to hold stacks of fabric in place while cutting. Cutting blades are sharpened automatically based on the type of fabric being cut. Gerber Garment Technology manufactures one of the most commonly used cutting systems. This technology has the advantage of being
highly accurate and fast, but does cost considerably more than other cutting techniques.

Best Practices

The precision of cut: To ensure the cutting of fabric accurately according to the line drown of the marker plan.

Clean edge: By avoiding the framing out of yarn from the fabric edge. Cutting edge must be smooth clean. The knife must be sharp for a smooth or clean edge.

Consistency in cutting: All the sizing safe of the cutting parts should be same of a knife should be operated of the right angle of the fabric layer.

Factors involved in Cutting Fabrics

Factors affect the cutting process for fabrics are as follows:-

    • Nature of fabric (grainline shade, twill etc.)
    • The thickness of fabric.
    • Design characteristics of a finished garment.
    • Machines and tables used.

Production process in the cutting room

Irrespective of size; all cutting rooms use the same basic system to produce cutwork, with the raw material going through the same operations in the same sequence.Cutting production starts with the receipt of inspected raw materials, production orders and graded patterns and finishes when bundles of cutwork are issued for sewing.

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