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Sewing – stitching garments

Sewers stitch fabric pieces together, and a garment is assembled.

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This is the main assembly stage of the production process, where sewers stitch fabric pieces together, and a garment is assembled. Computerized sewing machines (costly), can be programmed to sew a specific number of stitches to perform a standard operation, such as setting a zipper or sewing a collar. However, even though new machines mechanize and hasten the sewing process, sewing remains largely labor-intensive.

There are four general types of sewing machines:

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  1. single-needle machines
  2. overlock machines
  3. blind-stitch machines
  4. and specialized machines

Single needle machines are most common, as are their operators. Because operating more complicated machines requires additional training, there is frequently an oversupply of single-needle operators and a shortage of sewers who can use other machines.

Sewers need to be familiar with many different types of fabric and how to stitch each, but they usually specialize in a particular fabric or a particular machine. Working with cotton knit fabrics is very different from working with denim, silk, or linen. Learning how to work with each fabric type is part of the training-usually informal-that sewers undergo. Sewers may also specialize in zipper-setting, embroidery, and other hand stitching techniques.

Sewers may also affix labels. Certain labels identify the garment as belonging to a particular line and designer. Other labels inform the consumer of fabric content, care instructions, country of origin, size, or production by a union shop.

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